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7-epi-sesquithujene synthase (EC 4.2.3.101) (Terpene synthase 4) (tps4-B73)

 TPS4A_MAIZE             Reviewed;         554 AA.
Q6JD73;
05-SEP-2012, integrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.
05-JUL-2004, sequence version 1.
12-APR-2017, entry version 57.
RecName: Full=7-epi-sesquithujene synthase;
EC=4.2.3.101;
AltName: Full=Terpene synthase 4;
Short=tps4-B73;
Name=TPS4;
Zea mays (Maize).
Eukaryota; Viridiplantae; Streptophyta; Embryophyta; Tracheophyta;
Spermatophyta; Magnoliophyta; Liliopsida; Poales; Poaceae;
PACMAD clade; Panicoideae; Andropogonodae; Andropogoneae; Tripsacinae;
Zea.
NCBI_TaxID=4577;
[1]
NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [MRNA], FUNCTION, CATALYTIC ACTIVITY, COFACTOR,
BIOPHYSICOCHEMICAL PROPERTIES, SUBUNIT, 3D-STRUCTURE MODELING, TISSUE
SPECIFICITY, AND INDUCTION.
STRAIN=cv. B73;
PubMed=15075399; DOI=10.1105/tpc.019877;
Kollner T.G., Schnee C., Gershenzon J., Degenhardt J.;
"The variability of sesquiterpenes emitted from two Zea mays cultivars
is controlled by allelic variation of two terpene synthase genes
encoding stereoselective multiple product enzymes.";
Plant Cell 16:1115-1131(2004).
-!- FUNCTION: Sesquiterpene synthase involved in the production after
herbivore attack of a blend of volatiles that attracts natural
enemies of herbivores. Converts farnesyl diphosphate to (S)-beta-
bisabolene and 7-epi-sesquithujene, along with a mixture of more
than 20 other minor sesquiterpene olefins. Can also act in vitro
as a monoterpene synthase, converting geranyl diphosphate to (S)-
(-)-limonene, beta-myrcene and 11 other monoterpenes.
{ECO:0000269|PubMed:15075399}.
-!- CATALYTIC ACTIVITY: (2E,6E)-farnesyl diphosphate = 7-epi-
sesquithujene + diphosphate. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:15075399}.
-!- COFACTOR:
Name=Mg(2+); Xref=ChEBI:CHEBI:18420;
Evidence={ECO:0000269|PubMed:15075399};
Name=Mn(2+); Xref=ChEBI:CHEBI:29035;
Evidence={ECO:0000269|PubMed:15075399};
-!- BIOPHYSICOCHEMICAL PROPERTIES:
Kinetic parameters:
KM=1.1 uM for farnesyl diphosphate (in the presence of 10 mM
magnesium and 1 mM manganese) {ECO:0000269|PubMed:15075399};
KM=0.9 uM for geranyl diphosphate (in the presence of 10 mM
magnesium and 1 mM manganese) {ECO:0000269|PubMed:15075399};
KM=170 uM for magnesium (in the presence of 10 uM farnesyl
diphosphate) {ECO:0000269|PubMed:15075399};
KM=0.5 uM for manganese (in the presence of 10 uM farnesyl
diphosphate) {ECO:0000269|PubMed:15075399};
Note=Increased production of (E)-beta-farnesene the presence of
manganese.;
pH dependence:
Optimum pH is 7.0. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:15075399};
-!- PATHWAY: Secondary metabolite biosynthesis; terpenoid
biosynthesis.
-!- SUBUNIT: Monomer. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:15075399}.
-!- SUBCELLULAR LOCATION: Cytoplasm {ECO:0000305}.
-!- TISSUE SPECIFICITY: Highly expressed in the husk. Detected in leaf
sheaths and leaves. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:15075399}.
-!- INDUCTION: Up-regulated in leaf sheaths after herbivore damage.
{ECO:0000269|PubMed:15075399}.
-!- DOMAIN: The Asp-Asp-Xaa-Xaa-Asp/Glu (DDXXD/E) motif is important
for the catalytic activity, presumably through binding to Mg(2+).
{ECO:0000250}.
-!- MISCELLANEOUS: The allele found in cv. B73 encodes an active
enzyme while the allele found in cv. Delprim contains a frame
shift mutation (PubMed:15075399). {ECO:0000305|PubMed:15075399}.
-!- SIMILARITY: Belongs to the terpene synthase family. {ECO:0000305}.
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EMBL; AY518310; AAS88571.1; -; mRNA.
RefSeq; NP_001292867.2; NM_001305938.2.
UniGene; Zm.18108; -.
ProteinModelPortal; Q6JD73; -.
SMR; Q6JD73; -.
STRING; 4577.GRMZM2G117319_P01; -.
PaxDb; Q6JD73; -.
GeneID; 542754; -.
KEGG; zma:542754; -.
MaizeGDB; 1219892; -.
eggNOG; ENOG410IVC5; Eukaryota.
eggNOG; ENOG410YBXH; LUCA.
HOGENOM; HOG000232971; -.
UniPathway; UPA00213; -.
Proteomes; UP000007305; Unplaced.
GO; GO:0005737; C:cytoplasm; IEA:UniProtKB-SubCell.
GO; GO:0000287; F:magnesium ion binding; IEA:InterPro.
GO; GO:0010333; F:terpene synthase activity; IEA:InterPro.
GO; GO:0006952; P:defense response; IEA:UniProtKB-KW.
GO; GO:0016114; P:terpenoid biosynthetic process; IEA:UniProtKB-UniPathway.
Gene3D; 1.10.600.10; -; 1.
Gene3D; 1.50.10.130; -; 1.
InterPro; IPR008949; Isoprenoid_synthase_dom.
InterPro; IPR001906; Terpene_synth_N.
InterPro; IPR005630; Terpene_synthase_metal-bd.
InterPro; IPR008930; Terpenoid_cyclase/PrenylTrfase.
Pfam; PF01397; Terpene_synth; 1.
Pfam; PF03936; Terpene_synth_C; 1.
SUPFAM; SSF48239; SSF48239; 1.
SUPFAM; SSF48576; SSF48576; 1.
1: Evidence at protein level;
Complete proteome; Cytoplasm; Lyase; Magnesium; Manganese;
Metal-binding; Plant defense; Reference proteome.
CHAIN 1 554 7-epi-sesquithujene synthase.
/FTId=PRO_0000418849.
MOTIF 308 312 DDXXD motif.
METAL 308 308 Magnesium or manganese 1. {ECO:0000250}.
METAL 308 308 Magnesium or manganese 2. {ECO:0000250}.
METAL 312 312 Magnesium or manganese 1. {ECO:0000250}.
METAL 312 312 Magnesium or manganese 2. {ECO:0000250}.
METAL 452 452 Magnesium or manganese 3. {ECO:0000250}.
METAL 456 456 Magnesium or manganese 3. {ECO:0000250}.
METAL 460 460 Magnesium or manganese 3. {ECO:0000250}.
SEQUENCE 554 AA; 63879 MW; EA722D810640E4A1 CRC64;
MASPPAHRSS KAADEELPKA SSTFHPSLWG SFFLTYQPPT APQRANMKER AEVLRERVRK
VLKGSTTDQL PETVNLILTL QRLGLGYYYE NEIDKLLHQI YSNSDYNVKD LNLVSQRFYL
LRKNGYDVPS DVFLSFKTEE GGFACAAADT RSLLSLYNAA YLRKHGEEVL DEAISSTRLR
LQDLLGRLLP ESPFAKEVSS SLRTPLFRRV GILEARNYIP IYETEATRNE AVLELAKLNF
NLQQLDFCEE LKHCSAWWNE MIAKSKLTFV RDRIVEEYFW MNGACYDPPY SLSRIILTKI
TGLITIIDDM FDTHGTTEDC MKFAEAFGRW DESAIHLLPE YMKDFYILML ETFQSFEDAL
GPEKSYRVLY LKQAMERLVE LYSKEIKWRD DDYVPTMSEH LQVSAETIAT IALTCSAYAG
MGDMSIRKET FEWALSFPQF IRTFGSFVRL SNDVVSTKRE QTKDHSPSTV HCYMKEHGTT
MDDACEKIKE LIEDSWKDML EQSLALKGLP KVVPQLVFDF SRTTDNMYRD RDALTSSEAL
KEMIQLLFVE PIPE


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