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Ammonium transporter 3

 AMT3_DICDI              Reviewed;         431 AA.
Q8MXY0; Q55FZ8; Q7Z1M2;
03-MAR-2009, integrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.
01-OCT-2002, sequence version 1.
28-FEB-2018, entry version 80.
RecName: Full=Ammonium transporter 3;
Name=amtC; ORFNames=DDB_G0267424;
Dictyostelium discoideum (Slime mold).
Eukaryota; Amoebozoa; Mycetozoa; Dictyostelids; Dictyosteliales;
Dictyosteliaceae; Dictyostelium.
NCBI_TaxID=44689;
[1]
NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [MRNA].
STRAIN=AX2;
Chen Y., Huang C.-H.;
"Cloning and characterization of three ammonium transporter genes in
AX2 strain of Dictyostelium discoideum.";
Submitted (MAY-2002) to the EMBL/GenBank/DDBJ databases.
[2]
NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [GENOMIC DNA].
STRAIN=AX4;
PubMed=17951519; DOI=10.1128/EC.00204-07;
Yoshino R., Morio T., Yamada Y., Kuwayama H., Sameshima M., Tanaka Y.,
Sesaki H., Iijima M.;
"Regulation of ammonia homeostasis by the ammonium transporter AmtA in
Dictyostelium discoideum.";
Eukaryot. Cell 6:2419-2428(2007).
[3]
NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE GENOMIC DNA].
STRAIN=AX4;
PubMed=15875012; DOI=10.1038/nature03481;
Eichinger L., Pachebat J.A., Gloeckner G., Rajandream M.A.,
Sucgang R., Berriman M., Song J., Olsen R., Szafranski K., Xu Q.,
Tunggal B., Kummerfeld S., Madera M., Konfortov B.A., Rivero F.,
Bankier A.T., Lehmann R., Hamlin N., Davies R., Gaudet P., Fey P.,
Pilcher K., Chen G., Saunders D., Sodergren E.J., Davis P.,
Kerhornou A., Nie X., Hall N., Anjard C., Hemphill L., Bason N.,
Farbrother P., Desany B., Just E., Morio T., Rost R., Churcher C.M.,
Cooper J., Haydock S., van Driessche N., Cronin A., Goodhead I.,
Muzny D.M., Mourier T., Pain A., Lu M., Harper D., Lindsay R.,
Hauser H., James K.D., Quiles M., Madan Babu M., Saito T.,
Buchrieser C., Wardroper A., Felder M., Thangavelu M., Johnson D.,
Knights A., Loulseged H., Mungall K.L., Oliver K., Price C.,
Quail M.A., Urushihara H., Hernandez J., Rabbinowitsch E., Steffen D.,
Sanders M., Ma J., Kohara Y., Sharp S., Simmonds M.N., Spiegler S.,
Tivey A., Sugano S., White B., Walker D., Woodward J.R., Winckler T.,
Tanaka Y., Shaulsky G., Schleicher M., Weinstock G.M., Rosenthal A.,
Cox E.C., Chisholm R.L., Gibbs R.A., Loomis W.F., Platzer M.,
Kay R.R., Williams J.G., Dear P.H., Noegel A.A., Barrell B.G.,
Kuspa A.;
"The genome of the social amoeba Dictyostelium discoideum.";
Nature 435:43-57(2005).
[4]
FUNCTION, AND DEVELOPMENTAL STAGE.
PubMed=14686953; DOI=10.1111/j.1432-0436.2003.07109002.x;
Follstaedt S.C., Kirsten J.H., Singleton C.K.;
"Temporal and spatial expression of ammonium transporter genes during
growth and development of Dictyostelium discoideum.";
Differentiation 71:557-566(2003).
[5]
FUNCTION.
PubMed=16188250; DOI=10.1016/j.ydbio.2005.08.043;
Kirsten J.H., Xiong Y., Dunbar A.J., Rai M., Singleton C.K.;
"Ammonium transporter C of Dictyostelium discoideum is required for
correct prestalk gene expression and for regulating the choice between
slug migration and culmination.";
Dev. Biol. 287:146-156(2005).
[6]
SUBCELLULAR LOCATION.
PubMed=19108721; DOI=10.1186/1471-2121-9-71;
Kirsten J.H., Xiong Y., Davis C.T., Singleton C.K.;
"Subcellular localization of ammonium transporters in Dictyostelium
discoideum.";
BMC Cell Biol. 9:71-71(2008).
-!- FUNCTION: Ammonium transporter that mediates the import of
ammonium in prespore cells. Controls ammonium homeostasis during
growth and development. Ammonium has been shown to function as a
morphogen at multiple steps during the development. May function
as an ammonia sensor that relays information concerning ammonia
concentrations to the signaling pathway involved in the slug
versus culmination choice and regulates prestalk gene expression.
{ECO:0000269|PubMed:14686953, ECO:0000269|PubMed:16188250}.
-!- SUBCELLULAR LOCATION: Cell membrane {ECO:0000269|PubMed:19108721};
Multi-pass membrane protein {ECO:0000269|PubMed:19108721}.
Endosome membrane {ECO:0000269|PubMed:19108721}; Multi-pass
membrane protein {ECO:0000269|PubMed:19108721}. Cytoplasmic
vesicle, phagosome membrane {ECO:0000269|PubMed:19108721}; Multi-
pass membrane protein {ECO:0000269|PubMed:19108721}.
-!- DEVELOPMENTAL STAGE: Predominantly found in the prespores of the
slug. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:14686953}.
-!- SIMILARITY: Belongs to the ammonia transporter channel (TC
1.A.11.2) family. {ECO:0000305}.
-!- SEQUENCE CAUTION:
Sequence=AAP47147.1; Type=Frameshift; Positions=428; Evidence={ECO:0000305};
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EMBL; AF510718; AAP47147.1; ALT_FRAME; mRNA.
EMBL; AB089904; BAC07553.1; -; Genomic_DNA.
EMBL; AAFI02000003; EAL73164.1; -; Genomic_DNA.
RefSeq; XP_647385.1; XM_642293.1.
ProteinModelPortal; Q8MXY0; -.
STRING; 44689.DDB0191130; -.
PaxDb; Q8MXY0; -.
EnsemblProtists; EAL73164; EAL73164; DDB_G0267424.
GeneID; 8616194; -.
KEGG; ddi:DDB_G0267424; -.
dictyBase; DDB_G0267424; amtC.
eggNOG; KOG0682; Eukaryota.
eggNOG; COG0004; LUCA.
InParanoid; Q8MXY0; -.
OMA; AHMVWFW; -.
PhylomeDB; Q8MXY0; -.
PRO; PR:Q8MXY0; -.
Proteomes; UP000002195; Chromosome 1.
Proteomes; UP000002195; Unassembled WGS sequence.
GO; GO:0010008; C:endosome membrane; IEA:UniProtKB-SubCell.
GO; GO:0005887; C:integral component of plasma membrane; IBA:GO_Central.
GO; GO:0048471; C:perinuclear region of cytoplasm; IDA:dictyBase.
GO; GO:0030670; C:phagocytic vesicle membrane; IDA:dictyBase.
GO; GO:0005886; C:plasma membrane; IDA:dictyBase.
GO; GO:0008519; F:ammonium transmembrane transporter activity; ISS:dictyBase.
GO; GO:0072488; P:ammonium transmembrane transport; IBA:GO_Central.
GO; GO:0015696; P:ammonium transport; IMP:dictyBase.
GO; GO:0031154; P:culmination involved in sorocarp development; IMP:dictyBase.
GO; GO:0007588; P:excretion; IMP:dictyBase.
GO; GO:0015695; P:organic cation transport; IBA:GO_Central.
GO; GO:0050793; P:regulation of developmental process; IMP:dictyBase.
Gene3D; 1.10.3430.10; -; 1.
InterPro; IPR029020; Ammonium/urea_transptr.
InterPro; IPR001905; Ammonium_transpt.
InterPro; IPR024041; NH4_transpt_AmtB-like_dom.
Pfam; PF00909; Ammonium_transp; 1.
TIGRFAMs; TIGR00836; amt; 1.
2: Evidence at transcript level;
Ammonia transport; Cell membrane; Complete proteome;
Cytoplasmic vesicle; Endosome; Membrane; Reference proteome;
Transmembrane; Transmembrane helix; Transport.
CHAIN 1 431 Ammonium transporter 3.
/FTId=PRO_0000365575.
TOPO_DOM 1 27 Extracellular. {ECO:0000250}.
TRANSMEM 28 48 Helical. {ECO:0000255}.
TOPO_DOM 49 63 Cytoplasmic. {ECO:0000250}.
TRANSMEM 64 84 Helical. {ECO:0000255}.
TOPO_DOM 85 102 Extracellular. {ECO:0000250}.
TRANSMEM 103 125 Helical. {ECO:0000255}.
TOPO_DOM 126 134 Cytoplasmic. {ECO:0000250}.
TRANSMEM 135 155 Helical. {ECO:0000255}.
TOPO_DOM 156 160 Extracellular. {ECO:0000250}.
TRANSMEM 161 181 Helical. {ECO:0000255}.
TOPO_DOM 182 211 Cytoplasmic. {ECO:0000250}.
TRANSMEM 212 232 Helical. {ECO:0000255}.
TOPO_DOM 233 249 Extracellular. {ECO:0000250}.
TRANSMEM 250 270 Helical. {ECO:0000255}.
TOPO_DOM 271 300 Cytoplasmic. {ECO:0000250}.
TRANSMEM 301 321 Helical. {ECO:0000255}.
TOPO_DOM 322 333 Extracellular. {ECO:0000250}.
TRANSMEM 334 354 Helical. {ECO:0000255}.
TOPO_DOM 355 357 Cytoplasmic. {ECO:0000250}.
TRANSMEM 358 378 Helical. {ECO:0000255}.
TOPO_DOM 379 379 Extracellular. {ECO:0000250}.
TRANSMEM 380 400 Helical. {ECO:0000255}.
TOPO_DOM 401 431 Cytoplasmic. {ECO:0000250}.
CONFLICT 353 353 H -> P (in Ref. 1; AAP47147).
{ECO:0000305}.
CONFLICT 362 362 I -> L (in Ref. 1; AAP47147).
{ECO:0000305}.
CONFLICT 368 368 F -> I (in Ref. 1; AAP47147).
{ECO:0000305}.
CONFLICT 379 379 Q -> P (in Ref. 1; AAP47147).
{ECO:0000305}.
CONFLICT 413 413 T -> S (in Ref. 1; AAP47147).
{ECO:0000305}.
CONFLICT 426 426 S -> R (in Ref. 1; AAP47147).
{ECO:0000305}.
SEQUENCE 431 AA; 46992 MW; 163A1B4D2BA3C2FB CRC64;
MEQFSTSSSE SSDSSSEYSL EFYMDTSWVL DAANLVFFMQ AGFGMLEAGM VRAKNTKSIL
LKNLINTAIC AISYYCVGHS FAYGKVNPNS FVGFGNFFLM DYTHYAYWMI QWAYAATATT
IATGAMAERL QLHCYILFTL VQTILIYPFV AHWIWSQNGW LFDLGIVDFA GGAVIHIVAG
ITGACGSFLL GPRIGRFNQE SGKPKNLPGH SVVLMSLGAM ILWYSWYGYT AGASLGMTRS
RVLPASRVSV VVTLSGATGL ITVLGIGKIF NGHYDLVKGI NGLIAGLVSS TSSCAYIEPW
AAIIIGFIGG IVYWFSSWAL LNWLRLDDPV DSTAIHLFGG CWSLISVAFF ATHGRVRNPD
IILPGGIFYG GGISLLWVQL VGMVLAILWA GFLSGIFFFT MDYFGKLRVD VDTELAGLDN
SNHGGSAYIF D


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