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Gibberellin 20 oxidase 2 (EC 1.14.11.-) (GA 20-oxidase 2) (Gibberellin C-20 oxidase 2)

 GAOX2_ARATH             Reviewed;         378 AA.
Q39111;
01-MAR-2005, integrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.
01-NOV-1996, sequence version 1.
07-NOV-2018, entry version 121.
RecName: Full=Gibberellin 20 oxidase 2;
EC=1.14.11.-;
AltName: Full=GA 20-oxidase 2;
AltName: Full=Gibberellin C-20 oxidase 2;
Name=GA20OX2; Synonyms=20ox, At2353; OrderedLocusNames=At5g51810;
ORFNames=MIO24.5;
Arabidopsis thaliana (Mouse-ear cress).
Eukaryota; Viridiplantae; Streptophyta; Embryophyta; Tracheophyta;
Spermatophyta; Magnoliophyta; eudicotyledons; Gunneridae;
Pentapetalae; rosids; malvids; Brassicales; Brassicaceae; Camelineae;
Arabidopsis.
NCBI_TaxID=3702;
[1]
NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [MRNA], AND TISSUE SPECIFICITY.
STRAIN=cv. Landsberg erecta; TISSUE=Flower bud, and Stem;
PubMed=7630935; DOI=10.1104/pp.108.3.1049;
Phillips A.L., Ward D.A., Uknes S., Appleford N.E.J., Lange T.,
Huttly A.K., Gaskin P., Graebe J.E., Hedden P.;
"Isolation and expression of three gibberellin 20-oxidase cDNA clones
from Arabidopsis.";
Plant Physiol. 108:1049-1057(1995).
[2]
NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE GENOMIC DNA].
PubMed=9628582; DOI=10.1093/dnares/5.1.41;
Sato S., Kaneko T., Kotani H., Nakamura Y., Asamizu E., Miyajima N.,
Tabata S.;
"Structural analysis of Arabidopsis thaliana chromosome 5. IV.
Sequence features of the regions of 1,456,315 bp covered by nineteen
physically assigned P1 and TAC clones.";
DNA Res. 5:41-54(1998).
[3]
GENOME REANNOTATION.
STRAIN=cv. Columbia;
PubMed=27862469; DOI=10.1111/tpj.13415;
Cheng C.Y., Krishnakumar V., Chan A.P., Thibaud-Nissen F., Schobel S.,
Town C.D.;
"Araport11: a complete reannotation of the Arabidopsis thaliana
reference genome.";
Plant J. 89:789-804(2017).
[4]
INDUCTION BY COLD.
PubMed=14729916; DOI=10.1105/tpc.018143;
Yamauchi Y., Ogawa M., Kuwahara A., Hanada A., Kamiya Y.,
Yamaguchi S.;
"Activation of gibberellin biosynthesis and response pathways by low
temperature during imbibition of Arabidopsis thaliana seeds.";
Plant Cell 16:367-378(2004).
[5]
DEVELOPMENTAL STAGE, AND TISSUE SPECIFICITY.
PubMed=15927942; DOI=10.1093/pcp/pci141;
Kim Y.C., Nakajima M., Nakayama A., Yamaguchi I.;
"Contribution of gibberellins to the formation of Arabidopsis seed
coat through starch degradation.";
Plant Cell Physiol. 46:1317-1325(2005).
[6]
INDUCTION BY LIGHT.
PubMed=15923331; DOI=10.1104/pp.104.059055;
Hisamatsu T., King R.W., Helliwell C.A., Koshioka M.;
"The involvement of gibberellin 20-oxidase genes in phytochrome-
regulated petiole elongation of Arabidopsis.";
Plant Physiol. 138:1106-1116(2005).
[7]
INDUCTION BY AUXIN AND PACLOBUTRAZOL, AND TISSUE SPECIFICITY.
PubMed=16905669; DOI=10.1104/pp.106.084871;
Frigerio M., Alabadi D., Perez-Gomez J., Garcia-Carcel L.,
Phillips A.L., Hedden P., Blazquez M.A.;
"Transcriptional regulation of gibberellin metabolism genes by auxin
signaling in Arabidopsis.";
Plant Physiol. 142:553-563(2006).
[8]
FUNCTION, TISSUE SPECIFICITY, DISRUPTION PHENOTYPE, AND INDUCTION BY
GIBBERELLIN.
STRAIN=cv. Columbia;
PubMed=18069939; DOI=10.1111/j.1365-313X.2007.03356.x;
Rieu I., Ruiz-Rivero O., Fernandez-Garcia N., Griffiths J.,
Powers S.J., Gong F., Linhartova T., Eriksson S., Nilsson O.,
Thomas S.G., Phillips A.L., Hedden P.;
"The gibberellin biosynthetic genes AtGA20ox1 and AtGA20ox2 act,
partially redundantly, to promote growth and development throughout
the Arabidopsis life cycle.";
Plant J. 53:488-504(2008).
[9]
3D-STRUCTURE MODELING, AND GENE FAMILY.
PubMed=21056641; DOI=10.1016/j.gene.2010.10.010;
Han F., Zhu B.;
"Evolutionary analysis of three gibberellin oxidase genes in rice,
Arabidopsis, and soybean.";
Gene 473:23-35(2011).
-!- FUNCTION: Key oxidase enzyme in the biosynthesis of gibberellin
that catalyzes the conversion of GA12 and GA53 to GA9 and GA20
respectively, via a three-step oxidation at C-20 of the GA
skeleton. GA53 is less effectively oxidized than GA12, and GA25 is
also formed as a minor product. Involved in the promotion of the
floral transition, fertility and silique elongation, but plays
only a minor role in elongation of seedling organs. Acts
redundantly with GA20OX1. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:18069939}.
-!- COFACTOR:
Name=Fe(2+); Xref=ChEBI:CHEBI:29033;
Note=Binds 1 Fe(2+) ion per subunit.;
-!- COFACTOR:
Name=L-ascorbate; Xref=ChEBI:CHEBI:38290;
-!- COFACTOR:
Name=2-oxoglutarate; Xref=ChEBI:CHEBI:16810;
-!- PATHWAY: Plant hormone biosynthesis; gibberellin biosynthesis.
-!- TISSUE SPECIFICITY: Expressed in inflorescence and developing
siliques. Detected in seeds, roots, cotyledons and leaves. In
seeds, specifically detected at the rim of the embryo and the
outer integument. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:15927942,
ECO:0000269|PubMed:16905669, ECO:0000269|PubMed:18069939,
ECO:0000269|PubMed:7630935}.
-!- DEVELOPMENTAL STAGE: Expressed in developing siliques 3-13 days
after pollination. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:15927942}.
-!- INDUCTION: Negatively controlled by the level of physiologically
active gibberellin. Up-regulated by auxin, paclobutrazol, long day
exposure and cold treatment. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:14729916,
ECO:0000269|PubMed:15923331, ECO:0000269|PubMed:16905669,
ECO:0000269|PubMed:18069939}.
-!- DISRUPTION PHENOTYPE: Slightly smaller than the wild type.
{ECO:0000269|PubMed:18069939}.
-!- SIMILARITY: Belongs to the iron/ascorbate-dependent oxidoreductase
family. GA20OX subfamily. {ECO:0000305}.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------
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Distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY 4.0) License
-----------------------------------------------------------------------
EMBL; X83380; CAA58294.1; -; mRNA.
EMBL; AB010074; BAB11250.1; -; Genomic_DNA.
EMBL; CP002688; AED96129.1; -; Genomic_DNA.
RefSeq; NP_199994.1; NM_124560.4.
UniGene; At.28053; -.
ProteinModelPortal; Q39111; -.
SMR; Q39111; -.
STRING; 3702.AT5G51810.1; -.
PaxDb; Q39111; -.
EnsemblPlants; AT5G51810.1; AT5G51810.1; AT5G51810.
GeneID; 835256; -.
Gramene; AT5G51810.1; AT5G51810.1; AT5G51810.
KEGG; ath:AT5G51810; -.
Araport; AT5G51810; -.
TAIR; locus:2165341; AT5G51810.
eggNOG; KOG0143; Eukaryota.
eggNOG; COG3491; LUCA.
HOGENOM; HOG000276735; -.
InParanoid; Q39111; -.
KO; K05282; -.
OMA; SQFIWPA; -.
OrthoDB; EOG09360BJH; -.
PhylomeDB; Q39111; -.
BioCyc; ARA:AT5G51810-MONOMER; -.
BioCyc; MetaCyc:AT5G51810-MONOMER; -.
BRENDA; 1.14.11.12; 399.
UniPathway; UPA00390; -.
PRO; PR:Q39111; -.
Proteomes; UP000006548; Chromosome 5.
ExpressionAtlas; Q39111; baseline and differential.
Genevisible; Q39111; AT.
GO; GO:0051213; F:dioxygenase activity; IBA:GO_Central.
GO; GO:0045544; F:gibberellin 20-oxidase activity; IDA:TAIR.
GO; GO:0046872; F:metal ion binding; IEA:UniProtKB-KW.
GO; GO:0009908; P:flower development; IGI:TAIR.
GO; GO:0009686; P:gibberellin biosynthetic process; IDA:TAIR.
GO; GO:0009739; P:response to gibberellin; IEP:TAIR.
GO; GO:0080167; P:response to karrikin; IEP:TAIR.
GO; GO:0009639; P:response to red or far red light; IEP:TAIR.
GO; GO:0009826; P:unidimensional cell growth; IGI:TAIR.
Gene3D; 2.60.120.330; -; 1.
InterPro; IPR026992; DIOX_N.
InterPro; IPR027443; IPNS-like.
InterPro; IPR005123; Oxoglu/Fe-dep_dioxygenase.
Pfam; PF03171; 2OG-FeII_Oxy; 1.
Pfam; PF14226; DIOX_N; 1.
PROSITE; PS51471; FE2OG_OXY; 1.
2: Evidence at transcript level;
Complete proteome; Iron; Metal-binding; Oxidoreductase;
Reference proteome.
CHAIN 1 378 Gibberellin 20 oxidase 2.
/FTId=PRO_0000219515.
DOMAIN 220 320 Fe2OG dioxygenase. {ECO:0000255|PROSITE-
ProRule:PRU00805}.
ACT_SITE 311 311 {ECO:0000255}.
METAL 245 245 Iron. {ECO:0000255|PROSITE-
ProRule:PRU00805}.
METAL 247 247 Iron. {ECO:0000255|PROSITE-
ProRule:PRU00805}.
METAL 301 301 Iron. {ECO:0000255|PROSITE-
ProRule:PRU00805}.
SEQUENCE 378 AA; 42937 MW; 0B5CF4E6FDBD2B74 CRC64;
MAILCTTTSP AEKEHEPKQD LEKDQTSPLI FNPSLLNLQS QIPNQFIWPD EEKPSIDIPE
LNVPFIDLSS QDSTLEAPRV IAEACTKHGF FLVVNHGVSE SLIADAHRLM ESFFDMPLAG
KQKAQRKPGE SCGYASSFTG RFSTKLPWKE TLSFQFSNDN SGSRTVQDYF SDTLGQEFEQ
FGKVYQDYCE AMSSLSLKIM ELLGLSLGVN RDYFRGFFEE NDSIMRLNHY PPCQTPDLTL
GTGPHCDPSS LTILHQDHVN GLQVFVDNQW QSIRPNPKAF VVNIGDTFMA LSNGIFKSCL
HRAVVNRESA RKSMAFFLCP KKDKVVKPPS DILEKMKTRK YPDFTWSMFL EFTQKHYRAD
VNTLDSFSNW VITNNNPI


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