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Glucose-1-phosphate adenylyltransferase small subunit, chloroplastic/amyloplastic (EC 2.7.7.27) (ADP-glucose pyrophosphorylase) (ADP-glucose synthase) (AGPase B) (Alpha-D-glucose-1-phosphate adenyl transferase)

 GLGS_SOLTU              Reviewed;         521 AA.
P23509;
01-NOV-1991, integrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.
01-APR-1993, sequence version 2.
23-MAY-2018, entry version 113.
RecName: Full=Glucose-1-phosphate adenylyltransferase small subunit, chloroplastic/amyloplastic;
EC=2.7.7.27;
AltName: Full=ADP-glucose pyrophosphorylase;
AltName: Full=ADP-glucose synthase;
AltName: Full=AGPase B;
AltName: Full=Alpha-D-glucose-1-phosphate adenyl transferase;
Flags: Precursor;
Solanum tuberosum (Potato).
Eukaryota; Viridiplantae; Streptophyta; Embryophyta; Tracheophyta;
Spermatophyta; Magnoliophyta; eudicotyledons; Gunneridae;
Pentapetalae; asterids; lamiids; Solanales; Solanaceae; Solanoideae;
Solaneae; Solanum.
NCBI_TaxID=4113;
[1]
NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE.
STRAIN=cv. Russet Burbank-0; TISSUE=Tuber;
PubMed=1657244; DOI=10.1007/BF00037149;
Nakata P.A., Greene T.W., Anderson J.M., Smith-White B.J., Okita T.W.,
Preiss J.;
"Comparison of the primary sequences of two potato tuber ADP-glucose
pyrophosphorylase subunits.";
Plant Mol. Biol. 17:1089-1093(1991).
[2]
NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [GENOMIC DNA].
STRAIN=cv. Russet Burbank-0; TISSUE=Leaf;
PubMed=7983010;
Nakata P.A., Anderson J.M., Okita T.W.;
"Structure and expression of the potato ADP-glucose pyrophosphorylase
small subunit.";
J. Biol. Chem. 269:30798-30807(1994).
[3]
NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [MRNA] OF 80-521.
STRAIN=cv. Desiree; TISSUE=Tuber;
PubMed=1654156; DOI=10.1007/BF00020568;
du Jardin P., Berhin A.;
"Isolation and sequence analysis of a cDNA clone encoding a subunit of
the ADP-glucose pyrophosphorylase of potato tuber amyloplasts.";
Plant Mol. Biol. 16:349-351(1991).
[4]
NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE OF 80-521.
STRAIN=cv. Desiree;
PubMed=1703626; DOI=10.1007/BF00259460;
Mueller-Roeber B.T., Kossmann J., Hannah L.C., Willmitzer L.,
Sonnewald U.;
"One of two different ADP-glucose pyrophosphorylase genes from potato
responds strongly to elevated levels of sucrose.";
Mol. Gen. Genet. 224:136-146(1990).
-!- FUNCTION: This protein plays a role in synthesis of starch. It
catalyzes the synthesis of the activated glycosyl donor, ADP-
glucose from Glc-1-P and ATP.
-!- CATALYTIC ACTIVITY: ATP + alpha-D-glucose 1-phosphate =
diphosphate + ADP-glucose.
-!- ENZYME REGULATION: Activated by 3'phosphoglycerate, inhibited by
orthophosphate. Allosteric regulation.
-!- PATHWAY: Glycan biosynthesis; starch biosynthesis.
-!- SUBUNIT: Heterotetramer.
-!- INTERACTION:
Q00081:AGPS1; NbExp=2; IntAct=EBI-15812097, EBI-15812120;
-!- SUBCELLULAR LOCATION: Plastid, chloroplast. Plastid, amyloplast.
Note=Found in the chloroplast in leaf. Found in the plastid in the
developing endosperm.
-!- TISSUE SPECIFICITY: Leaves and tubers.
-!- SIMILARITY: Belongs to the bacterial/plant glucose-1-phosphate
adenylyltransferase family. {ECO:0000305}.
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EMBL; X61186; CAA43489.1; -; mRNA.
EMBL; L36648; AAA66057.1; -; Genomic_DNA.
EMBL; X55650; CAA39181.1; -; mRNA.
EMBL; X55155; CAA38954.1; -; mRNA.
PIR; A55317; A55317.
PIR; S13380; S13380.
UniGene; Stu.1120; -.
PDB; 1YP2; X-ray; 2.11 A; A/B/C/D=72-521.
PDB; 1YP3; X-ray; 2.60 A; A/B/C/D=72-521.
PDB; 1YP4; X-ray; 2.30 A; A/B/C/D=72-521.
PDBsum; 1YP2; -.
PDBsum; 1YP3; -.
PDBsum; 1YP4; -.
ProteinModelPortal; P23509; -.
SMR; P23509; -.
DIP; DIP-48347N; -.
IntAct; P23509; 1.
STRING; 4113.PGSC0003DMT400079823; -.
eggNOG; ENOG410IMYM; Eukaryota.
eggNOG; COG0448; LUCA.
BRENDA; 2.7.7.27; 5757.
SABIO-RK; P23509; -.
UniPathway; UPA00152; -.
EvolutionaryTrace; P23509; -.
Proteomes; UP000011115; Unassembled WGS sequence.
ExpressionAtlas; P23509; baseline and differential.
GO; GO:0009501; C:amyloplast; IEA:UniProtKB-SubCell.
GO; GO:0009507; C:chloroplast; IEA:UniProtKB-SubCell.
GO; GO:0005524; F:ATP binding; IEA:UniProtKB-KW.
GO; GO:0008878; F:glucose-1-phosphate adenylyltransferase activity; IEA:UniProtKB-EC.
GO; GO:0005978; P:glycogen biosynthetic process; IEA:InterPro.
GO; GO:0019252; P:starch biosynthetic process; IEA:UniProtKB-UniPathway.
Gene3D; 3.90.550.10; -; 1.
InterPro; IPR011831; ADP-Glc_PPase.
InterPro; IPR005836; ADP_Glu_pyroP_CS.
InterPro; IPR005835; NTP_transferase_dom.
InterPro; IPR029044; Nucleotide-diphossugar_trans.
InterPro; IPR011004; Trimer_LpxA-like_sf.
Pfam; PF00483; NTP_transferase; 1.
SUPFAM; SSF51161; SSF51161; 1.
SUPFAM; SSF53448; SSF53448; 2.
TIGRFAMs; TIGR02091; glgC; 1.
PROSITE; PS00808; ADP_GLC_PYROPHOSPH_1; 1.
PROSITE; PS00809; ADP_GLC_PYROPHOSPH_2; 1.
PROSITE; PS00810; ADP_GLC_PYROPHOSPH_3; 1.
1: Evidence at protein level;
3D-structure; Allosteric enzyme; Amyloplast; ATP-binding; Chloroplast;
Complete proteome; Nucleotide-binding; Nucleotidyltransferase;
Plastid; Reference proteome; Starch biosynthesis; Transferase;
Transit peptide.
TRANSIT 1 72 Chloroplast. {ECO:0000255}.
CHAIN 73 521 Glucose-1-phosphate adenylyltransferase
small subunit,
chloroplastic/amyloplastic.
/FTId=PRO_0000011155.
REGION 444 454 Allosteric regulation. {ECO:0000250}.
BINDING 268 268 Substrate. {ECO:0000255}.
VARIANT 520 520 I -> V.
CONFLICT 185 185 D -> H (in Ref. 3; CAA39181).
{ECO:0000305}.
CONFLICT 390 390 P -> S (in Ref. 3; CAA39181).
{ECO:0000305}.
HELIX 87 90 {ECO:0000244|PDB:1YP2}.
STRAND 91 96 {ECO:0000244|PDB:1YP2}.
TURN 105 110 {ECO:0000244|PDB:1YP2}.
HELIX 113 115 {ECO:0000244|PDB:1YP2}.
TURN 119 121 {ECO:0000244|PDB:1YP2}.
HELIX 126 134 {ECO:0000244|PDB:1YP2}.
STRAND 139 145 {ECO:0000244|PDB:1YP2}.
HELIX 149 158 {ECO:0000244|PDB:1YP2}.
STRAND 171 177 {ECO:0000244|PDB:1YP2}.
STRAND 180 182 {ECO:0000244|PDB:1YP3}.
HELIX 190 196 {ECO:0000244|PDB:1YP2}.
HELIX 198 201 {ECO:0000244|PDB:1YP2}.
STRAND 207 214 {ECO:0000244|PDB:1YP2}.
HELIX 222 231 {ECO:0000244|PDB:1YP2}.
STRAND 235 243 {ECO:0000244|PDB:1YP2}.
HELIX 245 248 {ECO:0000244|PDB:1YP2}.
STRAND 251 256 {ECO:0000244|PDB:1YP2}.
STRAND 260 268 {ECO:0000244|PDB:1YP2}.
HELIX 271 276 {ECO:0000244|PDB:1YP2}.
HELIX 281 284 {ECO:0000244|PDB:1YP2}.
HELIX 288 293 {ECO:0000244|PDB:1YP2}.
STRAND 296 306 {ECO:0000244|PDB:1YP2}.
HELIX 307 315 {ECO:0000244|PDB:1YP2}.
TURN 324 327 {ECO:0000244|PDB:1YP2}.
HELIX 328 334 {ECO:0000244|PDB:1YP2}.
STRAND 339 343 {ECO:0000244|PDB:1YP2}.
HELIX 354 362 {ECO:0000244|PDB:1YP2}.
HELIX 363 365 {ECO:0000244|PDB:1YP2}.
STRAND 367 369 {ECO:0000244|PDB:1YP2}.
STRAND 377 379 {ECO:0000244|PDB:1YP2}.
STRAND 391 403 {ECO:0000244|PDB:1YP2}.
STRAND 408 416 {ECO:0000244|PDB:1YP2}.
STRAND 430 433 {ECO:0000244|PDB:1YP2}.
HELIX 445 452 {ECO:0000244|PDB:1YP2}.
TURN 453 455 {ECO:0000244|PDB:1YP2}.
STRAND 459 461 {ECO:0000244|PDB:1YP2}.
STRAND 466 472 {ECO:0000244|PDB:1YP2}.
STRAND 493 495 {ECO:0000244|PDB:1YP2}.
HELIX 496 498 {ECO:0000244|PDB:1YP2}.
STRAND 500 503 {ECO:0000244|PDB:1YP2}.
STRAND 506 509 {ECO:0000244|PDB:1YP2}.
SEQUENCE 521 AA; 57240 MW; 2A30929D1CF7E88C CRC64;
MAASIGALKS SPSSNNCINE RRNDSTRAVS SRNLSFSSSH LAGDKLMPVS SLRSQGVRFN
VRRSPMIVSP KAVSDSQNSQ TCLDPDASRS VLGIILGGGA GTRLYPLTKK RAKPAVPLGA
NYRLIDIPVS NCLNSNISKI YVLTQFNSAS LNRHLSRAYA SNMGGYKNEG FVEVLAAQQS
PENPDWFQGT ADAVRQYLWL FEEHTVLEYL ILAGDHLYRM DYEKFIQAHR ETDADITVAA
LPMDEKRATA FGLMKIDEEG RIIEFAEKPQ GEQLQAMKVD TTILGLDDKR AKEMPFIASM
GIYVISKDVM LNLLRDKFPG ANDFGSEVIP GATSLGMRVQ AYLYDGYWED IGTIEAFYNA
NLGITKKPVP DFSFYDRSAP IYTQPRYLPP SKMLDADVTD SVIGEGCVIK NCKIHHSVVG
LRSCISEGAI IEDSLLMGAD YYETDADRKL LAAKGSVPIG IGKNCHIKRA IIDKNARIGD
NVKIINKDNV QEAARETDGY FIKSGIVTVI KDALIPSGII I


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