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Glutamine synthetase cytosolic isozyme 1-1 (EC 6.3.1.2) (Glutamate--ammonia ligase GLN1;1) (OsGLN1;1) (Glutamine synthetase shoot isozyme) (OsGS1;1)

 GLN11_ORYSJ             Reviewed;         356 AA.
P14656; Q0DXS9; Q6Z753;
01-APR-1990, integrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.
01-APR-1990, sequence version 1.
25-OCT-2017, entry version 120.
RecName: Full=Glutamine synthetase cytosolic isozyme 1-1;
EC=6.3.1.2;
AltName: Full=Glutamate--ammonia ligase GLN1;1;
Short=OsGLN1;1;
AltName: Full=Glutamine synthetase shoot isozyme;
AltName: Full=OsGS1;1;
Name=GLN1-1; Synonyms=RGS28;
OrderedLocusNames=Os02g0735200, LOC_Os02g50240;
ORFNames=OsJ_08295 {ECO:0000312|EMBL:EAZ24534.1}, P0487D09.8;
Oryza sativa subsp. japonica (Rice).
Eukaryota; Viridiplantae; Streptophyta; Embryophyta; Tracheophyta;
Spermatophyta; Magnoliophyta; Liliopsida; Poales; Poaceae; BOP clade;
Oryzoideae; Oryzeae; Oryzinae; Oryza; Oryza sativa.
NCBI_TaxID=39947;
[1]
NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [MRNA].
STRAIN=cv. Kinmaze; TISSUE=Shoot;
PubMed=2577497; DOI=10.1007/BF00027323;
Sakamoto A., Ogawa M., Masumura T., Shibata D., Takeba G., Tanaka K.,
Fujii S.;
"Three cDNA sequences coding for glutamine synthetase polypeptides in
Oryza sativa L.";
Plant Mol. Biol. 13:611-614(1989).
[2]
NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [GENOMIC DNA / MRNA].
STRAIN=cv. Sasanishiki;
Kojima S., Hanzawa S., Hayakawa T., Hayashi M., Yamaya T.;
"Nucleotide sequence of a genomic DNA and a cDNA encoding cytosolic
glutamine synthetase in Sasanishiki, a seading cultivar of rice (Oryza
sativa L) in northern Japan.";
(er) Plant Gene Register PGR00-048(2000).
[3]
NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE GENOMIC DNA].
STRAIN=cv. Nipponbare;
PubMed=16100779; DOI=10.1038/nature03895;
International rice genome sequencing project (IRGSP);
"The map-based sequence of the rice genome.";
Nature 436:793-800(2005).
[4]
GENOME REANNOTATION.
STRAIN=cv. Nipponbare;
PubMed=18089549; DOI=10.1093/nar/gkm978;
The rice annotation project (RAP);
"The rice annotation project database (RAP-DB): 2008 update.";
Nucleic Acids Res. 36:D1028-D1033(2008).
[5]
GENOME REANNOTATION.
STRAIN=cv. Nipponbare;
PubMed=24280374; DOI=10.1186/1939-8433-6-4;
Kawahara Y., de la Bastide M., Hamilton J.P., Kanamori H.,
McCombie W.R., Ouyang S., Schwartz D.C., Tanaka T., Wu J., Zhou S.,
Childs K.L., Davidson R.M., Lin H., Quesada-Ocampo L.,
Vaillancourt B., Sakai H., Lee S.S., Kim J., Numa H., Itoh T.,
Buell C.R., Matsumoto T.;
"Improvement of the Oryza sativa Nipponbare reference genome using
next generation sequence and optical map data.";
Rice 6:4-4(2013).
[6]
NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE GENOMIC DNA].
STRAIN=cv. Nipponbare;
PubMed=15685292; DOI=10.1371/journal.pbio.0030038;
Yu J., Wang J., Lin W., Li S., Li H., Zhou J., Ni P., Dong W., Hu S.,
Zeng C., Zhang J., Zhang Y., Li R., Xu Z., Li S., Li X., Zheng H.,
Cong L., Lin L., Yin J., Geng J., Li G., Shi J., Liu J., Lv H., Li J.,
Wang J., Deng Y., Ran L., Shi X., Wang X., Wu Q., Li C., Ren X.,
Wang J., Wang X., Li D., Liu D., Zhang X., Ji Z., Zhao W., Sun Y.,
Zhang Z., Bao J., Han Y., Dong L., Ji J., Chen P., Wu S., Liu J.,
Xiao Y., Bu D., Tan J., Yang L., Ye C., Zhang J., Xu J., Zhou Y.,
Yu Y., Zhang B., Zhuang S., Wei H., Liu B., Lei M., Yu H., Li Y.,
Xu H., Wei S., He X., Fang L., Zhang Z., Zhang Y., Huang X., Su Z.,
Tong W., Li J., Tong Z., Li S., Ye J., Wang L., Fang L., Lei T.,
Chen C.-S., Chen H.-C., Xu Z., Li H., Huang H., Zhang F., Xu H.,
Li N., Zhao C., Li S., Dong L., Huang Y., Li L., Xi Y., Qi Q., Li W.,
Zhang B., Hu W., Zhang Y., Tian X., Jiao Y., Liang X., Jin J., Gao L.,
Zheng W., Hao B., Liu S.-M., Wang W., Yuan L., Cao M., McDermott J.,
Samudrala R., Wang J., Wong G.K.-S., Yang H.;
"The genomes of Oryza sativa: a history of duplications.";
PLoS Biol. 3:266-281(2005).
[7]
NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE MRNA].
STRAIN=cv. Nipponbare;
PubMed=12869764; DOI=10.1126/science.1081288;
The rice full-length cDNA consortium;
"Collection, mapping, and annotation of over 28,000 cDNA clones from
japonica rice.";
Science 301:376-379(2003).
[8]
PROTEIN SEQUENCE OF 204-213.
STRAIN=cv. Nipponbare; TISSUE=Callus;
PubMed=14681440; DOI=10.1093/nar/gkh020;
Komatsu S., Kojima K., Suzuki K., Ozaki K., Higo K.;
"Rice proteome database based on two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel
electrophoresis: its status in 2003.";
Nucleic Acids Res. 32:D388-D392(2004).
[9]
DEVELOPMENTAL STAGE.
PubMed=12060286; DOI=10.1034/j.1399-3054.2001.1130314.x;
Sakurai N., Katayama Y., Yamaya T.;
"Overlapping expression of cytosolic glutamine synthetase and
phenylalanine ammonia-lyase in immature leaf blades of rice.";
Physiol. Plantarum 113:400-408(2001).
[10]
BIOPHYSICOCHEMICAL PROPERTIES, AND TISSUE SPECIFICITY.
PubMed=15574840; DOI=10.1093/pcp/pch190;
Ishiyama K., Inoue E., Tabuchi M., Yamaya T., Takahashi H.;
"Biochemical background and compartmentalized functions of cytosolic
glutamine synthetase for active ammonium assimilation in rice roots.";
Plant Cell Physiol. 45:1640-1647(2004).
[11]
FUNCTION, DISRUPTION PHENOTYPE, TISSUE SPECIFICITY, AND INDUCTION.
PubMed=15918879; DOI=10.1111/j.1365-313X.2005.02406.x;
Tabuchi M., Sugiyama K., Ishiyama K., Inoue E., Sato T., Takahashi H.,
Yamaya T.;
"Severe reduction in growth rate and grain filling of rice mutants
lacking OsGS1;1, a cytosolic glutamine synthetase1;1.";
Plant J. 42:641-651(2005).
-!- FUNCTION: High-affinity glutamine synthetase. May be a major
component of the cytosolic glutamine synthetic pathway in leaf
blades. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:15918879}.
-!- CATALYTIC ACTIVITY: ATP + L-glutamate + NH(3) = ADP + phosphate +
L-glutamine.
-!- BIOPHYSICOCHEMICAL PROPERTIES:
Kinetic parameters:
KM=1.9 mM for glutamate {ECO:0000269|PubMed:15574840};
KM=27 uM for ammonium {ECO:0000269|PubMed:15574840};
KM=450 uM for ATP {ECO:0000269|PubMed:15574840};
Vmax=190 nmol/sec/mg enzyme with glutamate as substrate
{ECO:0000269|PubMed:15574840};
Vmax=186.3 nmol/sec/mg enzyme with ammonium as substrate
{ECO:0000269|PubMed:15574840};
Vmax=170.2 nmol/sec/mg enzyme with ATP as substrate
{ECO:0000269|PubMed:15574840};
Note=Measured at pH 7.8 and 30 degrees Celsius for all
experiments.;
-!- SUBUNIT: Homooctamer. {ECO:0000250}.
-!- SUBCELLULAR LOCATION: Cytoplasm.
-!- TISSUE SPECIFICITY: Highly expressed in leaf blades, at
intermediate levels in spikelets (rice flower) and at lower levels
in roots. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:15574840,
ECO:0000269|PubMed:15918879}.
-!- DEVELOPMENTAL STAGE: Expressed in metaxylem and phloem of
parenchyma cells and in sclerenchyma cells of developing leaf
blades. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:12060286}.
-!- INDUCTION: By ammonium supply under nitrogen-limited condition.
{ECO:0000269|PubMed:15918879}.
-!- DISRUPTION PHENOTYPE: Plants show marked reduction in leaf blades
elongation, plant height, panicle size and grain filling.
{ECO:0000269|PubMed:15918879}.
-!- SIMILARITY: Belongs to the glutamine synthetase family.
{ECO:0000305}.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------
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EMBL; X14245; CAA32461.1; -; mRNA.
EMBL; AB037595; BAA95679.1; -; mRNA.
EMBL; AB037664; BAA95678.1; -; Genomic_DNA.
EMBL; AP004880; BAD15892.1; -; Genomic_DNA.
EMBL; AP008208; BAF09959.1; -; Genomic_DNA.
EMBL; AP014958; BAS80796.1; -; Genomic_DNA.
EMBL; CM000139; EAZ24534.1; -; Genomic_DNA.
EMBL; AK061157; BAG87764.1; -; mRNA.
EMBL; AK104987; BAG97064.1; -; mRNA.
PIR; S07470; AJRZQG.
RefSeq; XP_015626102.1; XM_015770616.1.
UniGene; Os.7909; -.
ProteinModelPortal; P14656; -.
SMR; P14656; -.
IntAct; P14656; 1.
STRING; 39947.LOC_Os02g50240.1; -.
PaxDb; P14656; -.
PRIDE; P14656; -.
EnsemblPlants; OS02T0735200-01; OS02T0735200-01; OS02G0735200.
EnsemblPlants; OS02T0735200-02; OS02T0735200-02; OS02G0735200.
EnsemblPlants; OS02T0735200-03; OS02T0735200-03; OS02G0735200.
GeneID; 4330649; -.
Gramene; OS02T0735200-01; OS02T0735200-01; OS02G0735200.
Gramene; OS02T0735200-02; OS02T0735200-02; OS02G0735200.
Gramene; OS02T0735200-03; OS02T0735200-03; OS02G0735200.
KEGG; osa:4330649; -.
eggNOG; KOG0683; Eukaryota.
eggNOG; COG0174; LUCA.
HOGENOM; HOG000061500; -.
InParanoid; P14656; -.
KO; K01915; -.
OMA; ELWIARF; -.
OrthoDB; EOG09360CB0; -.
BRENDA; 6.3.1.2; 4460.
Reactome; R-OSA-210455; Astrocytic Glutamate-Glutamine Uptake And Metabolism.
Reactome; R-OSA-70614; Amino acid synthesis and interconversion (transamination).
SABIO-RK; P14656; -.
Proteomes; UP000059680; Chromosome 2.
Genevisible; P14656; OS.
GO; GO:0005737; C:cytoplasm; IEA:UniProtKB-SubCell.
GO; GO:0005524; F:ATP binding; IEA:UniProtKB-KW.
GO; GO:0004356; F:glutamate-ammonia ligase activity; IEA:UniProtKB-EC.
GO; GO:0006542; P:glutamine biosynthetic process; IEA:InterPro.
Gene3D; 3.10.20.70; -; 1.
Gene3D; 3.30.590.10; -; 1.
InterPro; IPR008147; Gln_synt_b-grasp.
InterPro; IPR036651; Gln_synt_N.
InterPro; IPR014746; Gln_synth/guanido_kin_cat_dom.
InterPro; IPR008146; Gln_synth_cat_dom.
InterPro; IPR027303; Gln_synth_gly_rich_site.
InterPro; IPR027302; Gln_synth_N_conserv_site.
Pfam; PF00120; Gln-synt_C; 1.
Pfam; PF03951; Gln-synt_N; 1.
SMART; SM01230; Gln-synt_C; 1.
SUPFAM; SSF54368; SSF54368; 1.
SUPFAM; SSF55931; SSF55931; 1.
PROSITE; PS00180; GLNA_1; 1.
PROSITE; PS00181; GLNA_ATP; 1.
1: Evidence at protein level;
ATP-binding; Complete proteome; Cytoplasm; Direct protein sequencing;
Ligase; Nucleotide-binding; Reference proteome.
CHAIN 1 356 Glutamine synthetase cytosolic isozyme 1-
1.
/FTId=PRO_0000153187.
SEQUENCE 356 AA; 39201 MW; 7D21F7C31B7CB4DD CRC64;
MASLTDLVNL NLSDTTEKII AEYIWIGGSG MDLRSKARTL SGPVTDPSKL PKWNYDGSST
GQAPGEDSEV ILYPQAIFKD PFRKGNNILV MCDCYTPAGE PIPTNKRHNA AKIFSSPEVA
SEEPWYGIEQ EYTLLQKDIN WPLGWPVGGF PGPQGPYYCG IGADKSFGRD IVDSHYKACL
YAGINISGIN GEVMPGQWEF QVGPSVGISA GDQVWVARYI LERITEIAGV VVSFDPKPIP
GDWNGAGAHT NYSTKSMRND GGYEIIKSAI EKLKLRHKEH ISAYGEGNER RLTGRHETAD
INTFSWGVAN RGASVRVGRE TEQNGKGYFE DRRPASNMDP YIVTSMIAET TIIWKP


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