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Phenylalanine ammonia-lyase 2 (EC 4.3.1.24)

 PAL2_CICAR              Reviewed;         718 AA.
Q9SMK9;
01-DEC-2000, integrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.
01-MAY-2000, sequence version 1.
12-SEP-2018, entry version 91.
RecName: Full=Phenylalanine ammonia-lyase 2;
EC=4.3.1.24;
Name=PAL2;
Cicer arietinum (Chickpea) (Garbanzo).
Eukaryota; Viridiplantae; Streptophyta; Embryophyta; Tracheophyta;
Spermatophyta; Magnoliophyta; eudicotyledons; Gunneridae;
Pentapetalae; rosids; fabids; Fabales; Fabaceae; Papilionoideae;
50 kb inversion clade; NPAAA clade; Hologalegina; IRL clade; Cicereae;
Cicer.
NCBI_TaxID=3827;
[1]
NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [MRNA].
STRAIN=cv. ILC 3279;
Hein F., Overkamp S., Barz W.;
"Cloning and characterization of a full length cDNA encoding
phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL) from chickpea (Cicer arietinum
L.).";
(er) Plant Gene Register PGR00-038(2000).
-!- FUNCTION: This is a key enzyme of plant metabolism catalyzing the
first reaction in the biosynthesis from L-phenylalanine of a wide
variety of natural products based on the phenylpropane skeleton.
-!- CATALYTIC ACTIVITY: L-phenylalanine = trans-cinnamate + ammonia.
-!- PATHWAY: Phenylpropanoid metabolism; trans-cinnamate biosynthesis;
trans-cinnamate from L-phenylalanine: step 1/1.
-!- SUBCELLULAR LOCATION: Cytoplasm {ECO:0000305}.
-!- PTM: Contains an active site 4-methylidene-imidazol-5-one (MIO),
which is formed autocatalytically by cyclization and dehydration
of residues Ala-Ser-Gly. {ECO:0000250}.
-!- SIMILARITY: Belongs to the PAL/histidase family. {ECO:0000305}.
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EMBL; AJ250836; CAB60719.1; -; mRNA.
RefSeq; NP_001266106.1; NM_001279177.1.
RefSeq; XP_012570018.1; XM_012714564.1.
ProteinModelPortal; Q9SMK9; -.
SMR; Q9SMK9; -.
PRIDE; Q9SMK9; -.
GeneID; 101509831; -.
KEGG; cam:101509831; -.
KO; K10775; -.
UniPathway; UPA00713; UER00725.
Proteomes; UP000087171; Genome assembly.
GO; GO:0005737; C:cytoplasm; IEA:UniProtKB-SubCell.
GO; GO:0045548; F:phenylalanine ammonia-lyase activity; IEA:UniProtKB-EC.
GO; GO:0009800; P:cinnamic acid biosynthetic process; IEA:UniProtKB-UniPathway.
GO; GO:0006559; P:L-phenylalanine catabolic process; IEA:InterPro.
CDD; cd00332; PAL-HAL; 1.
Gene3D; 1.10.274.20; -; 1.
Gene3D; 1.10.275.10; -; 1.
InterPro; IPR001106; Aromatic_Lyase.
InterPro; IPR024083; Fumarase/histidase_N.
InterPro; IPR008948; L-Aspartase-like.
InterPro; IPR022313; Phe/His_NH3-lyase_AS.
InterPro; IPR005922; Phe_NH3-lyase.
InterPro; IPR023144; Phe_NH3-lyase_shielding_dom_sf.
PANTHER; PTHR10362; PTHR10362; 1.
Pfam; PF00221; Lyase_aromatic; 1.
SUPFAM; SSF48557; SSF48557; 1.
TIGRFAMs; TIGR01226; phe_am_lyase; 1.
PROSITE; PS00488; PAL_HISTIDASE; 1.
2: Evidence at transcript level;
Complete proteome; Cytoplasm; Lyase; Phenylpropanoid metabolism;
Reference proteome.
CHAIN 1 718 Phenylalanine ammonia-lyase 2.
/FTId=PRO_0000215388.
ACT_SITE 110 110 Proton donor/acceptor. {ECO:0000250}.
BINDING 356 356 Substrate. {ECO:0000250}.
MOD_RES 205 205 2,3-didehydroalanine (Ser).
{ECO:0000255|PROSITE-ProRule:PRU10122}.
CROSSLNK 204 206 5-imidazolinone (Ala-Gly). {ECO:0000250}.
SEQUENCE 718 AA; 78301 MW; 0290D012C6E68B24 CRC64;
MMELPNGNCN GSSLNVCNGN GNLSNNDSLN WGMAADSMRG SHLDEVKRMV EEYRKAVVPL
GGKGLTISQV AAVATQNTGV AVELAEETRY AVKASSDWVV DSMNKGTDSY GVTTGFGATS
HRRTKQGGAL QNELIRFLNA GIFGNGTEST QTLPHTATRA AMLVRINTLL QGYSGIRFEI
MEAIAKFLNH NITPCLPLRG TITASGDLVP LSYVAGLLIG RPNSKSIGPN GQILNAKEAF
QLAGIETGFF ELQPKEGLAL VNGTAVGSGL ASLALFETNL LVVLSEILSA IFAEVMQGKP
EFTDHLTHKL KHHPGQIEAA AIMEHILDGS YYVKAAQKVH DIDPLQKPKQ DRYALRTSPQ
WLGPQIEVIR NATKMIEREI NSVNDNPLID VSRNKALHGG NFQGTPIGVS MDNTRLAIAS
IGKLMFAQFS ELVNDFYNNG LPSNLTGSRN PSLDYGFKGA EIAMASYCSE LQYLANPVTN
HVQSAEQHNQ DVNSLGLISS RKTAEAVEIL KLMSSTFLVA LCQAIDLRHI EENLKSVVKN
TVSQVAKRVL TVGVNGELHP SRFCEKDLLN VVEREYVFAY IDDPCSATYP LMQKLRHVLV
DHALENGDRE GNSSTSIFQK IGAFEQELKT LLPKEVESVR VDVENGNPAV PNRIIECRSY
PLYKFVRENL GTSLLTGEKI RSPGEECDKV FAALCDGRFI DPMLDCLKEW NGAPLPIC


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