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Precursor of CEP3 (PCEP3) [Cleaved into: C-terminally encoded peptide 3 (CEP3)]

 PCEP3_ARATH             Reviewed;          82 AA.
O80460;
10-MAY-2017, integrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.
01-NOV-1998, sequence version 1.
23-MAY-2018, entry version 97.
RecName: Full=Precursor of CEP3 {ECO:0000303|PubMed:24179096};
Short=PCEP3 {ECO:0000303|PubMed:24179096};
Contains:
RecName: Full=C-terminally encoded peptide 3 {ECO:0000303|PubMed:24179096};
Short=CEP3 {ECO:0000303|PubMed:24179096};
Flags: Precursor;
Name=CEP3 {ECO:0000303|PubMed:24179096};
OrderedLocusNames=At2g23440 {ECO:0000312|Araport:AT2G23440};
ORFNames=F26B6.9 {ECO:0000312|EMBL:AEC07455.1};
Arabidopsis thaliana (Mouse-ear cress).
Eukaryota; Viridiplantae; Streptophyta; Embryophyta; Tracheophyta;
Spermatophyta; Magnoliophyta; eudicotyledons; Gunneridae;
Pentapetalae; rosids; malvids; Brassicales; Brassicaceae; Camelineae;
Arabidopsis.
NCBI_TaxID=3702;
[1]
NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE GENOMIC DNA].
STRAIN=cv. Columbia;
PubMed=10617197; DOI=10.1038/45471;
Lin X., Kaul S., Rounsley S.D., Shea T.P., Benito M.-I., Town C.D.,
Fujii C.Y., Mason T.M., Bowman C.L., Barnstead M.E., Feldblyum T.V.,
Buell C.R., Ketchum K.A., Lee J.J., Ronning C.M., Koo H.L.,
Moffat K.S., Cronin L.A., Shen M., Pai G., Van Aken S., Umayam L.,
Tallon L.J., Gill J.E., Adams M.D., Carrera A.J., Creasy T.H.,
Goodman H.M., Somerville C.R., Copenhaver G.P., Preuss D.,
Nierman W.C., White O., Eisen J.A., Salzberg S.L., Fraser C.M.,
Venter J.C.;
"Sequence and analysis of chromosome 2 of the plant Arabidopsis
thaliana.";
Nature 402:761-768(1999).
[2]
GENOME REANNOTATION.
STRAIN=cv. Columbia;
PubMed=27862469; DOI=10.1111/tpj.13415;
Cheng C.Y., Krishnakumar V., Chan A.P., Thibaud-Nissen F., Schobel S.,
Town C.D.;
"Araport11: a complete reannotation of the Arabidopsis thaliana
reference genome.";
Plant J. 89:789-804(2017).
[3]
NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE MRNA].
STRAIN=cv. Columbia;
Cheuk R.F., Chen H., Kim C.J., Shinn P., Ecker J.R.;
"Arabidopsis cDNA clones.";
Submitted (NOV-2003) to the EMBL/GenBank/DDBJ databases.
[4]
TISSUE SPECIFICITY.
PubMed=18315543; DOI=10.1111/j.1365-313X.2008.03464.x;
Ohyama K., Ogawa M., Matsubayashi Y.;
"Identification of a biologically active, small, secreted peptide in
Arabidopsis by in silico gene screening, followed by LC-MS-based
structure analysis.";
Plant J. 55:152-160(2008).
[5]
REVIEW.
PubMed=22303274; DOI=10.1199/tab.0150;
Matsubayashi Y.;
"Small post-translationally modified Peptide signals in Arabidopsis.";
Arabidopsis Book 9:E0150-E0150(2011).
[6]
TISSUE SPECIFICITY, INDUCTION BY AUXIN; POTASSIUM AND NITROGEN, AND
GENE FAMILY.
STRAIN=cv. Columbia;
PubMed=24179095; DOI=10.1093/jxb/ert331;
Roberts I., Smith S., De Rybel B., Van Den Broeke J., Smet W.,
De Cokere S., Mispelaere M., De Smet I., Beeckman T.;
"The CEP family in land plants: evolutionary analyses, expression
studies, and role in Arabidopsis shoot development.";
J. Exp. Bot. 64:5371-5381(2013).
[7]
FUNCTION, DISRUPTION PHENOTYPE, INDUCTION BY OSMOTIC STRESS; CARBON
DIOXIDE; NITROGEN DEPLETION AND NITRATE DEPLETION, HYDROXYLATION AT
PRO-67 AND PRO-74, GENE FAMILY, AND NOMENCLATURE.
STRAIN=cv. Columbia;
PubMed=24179096; DOI=10.1093/jxb/ert332;
Delay C., Imin N., Djordjevic M.A.;
"CEP genes regulate root and shoot development in response to
environmental cues and are specific to seed plants.";
J. Exp. Bot. 64:5383-5394(2013).
[8]
PROTEIN SEQUENCE OF 64-78, PTM, FUNCTION, HYDROXYLATION AT PRO-67 AND
PRO-74, INTERACTION WITH CEPR1, INDUCTION BY NITROGEN DEPLETION, AND
SUBCELLULAR LOCATION.
STRAIN=cv. No-0;
PubMed=25324386; DOI=10.1126/science.1257800;
Tabata R., Sumida K., Yoshii T., Ohyama K., Shinohara H.,
Matsubayashi Y.;
"Perception of root-derived peptides by shoot LRR-RKs mediates
systemic N-demand signaling.";
Science 346:343-346(2014).
-!- FUNCTION: Extracellular signaling peptide that represses primary
root growth rate and significantly inhibits lateral root
formation. Promotes shoot growth. Modulates leaf morphology
(PubMed:24179096). Regulates systemic nitrogen (N)-demand
signaling. Mediates systemic up-regulation of genes involved in N
uptake and assimilation pathways (PubMed:25324386).
{ECO:0000269|PubMed:24179096, ECO:0000269|PubMed:25324386}.
-!- SUBUNIT: Interacts with the CEP receptor CEPR1.
{ECO:0000269|PubMed:25324386}.
-!- SUBCELLULAR LOCATION: C-terminally encoded peptide 3: Secreted,
extracellular space, apoplast {ECO:0000269|PubMed:25324386}.
Note=Accumulates in xylem sap under nitrogen (N)-starved
conditions. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:25324386}.
-!- TISSUE SPECIFICITY: Mostly expressed in roots (PubMed:18315543).
Present in lateral roots (especially in vasculature), root-
hypocotyl junction and cotyledons (PubMed:24179095).
{ECO:0000269|PubMed:18315543, ECO:0000269|PubMed:24179095}.
-!- INDUCTION: Induced by auxin, but repressed by potassium (K) and
nitrogen (N) (PubMed:24179095). Accumulates strongly in the roots
under nitrogen depletion, and in the shoots under nitrate
limitation (PubMed:24179095, PubMed:25324386). Also induced by
osmotic stress (e.g. mannitol and NaCl). Strongly repressed in
roots by carbon dioxide CO(2) (PubMed:24179095).
{ECO:0000269|PubMed:24179095, ECO:0000269|PubMed:25324386}.
-!- PTM: The mature small signaling peptide is generated by
proteolytic processing of the longer precursor.
{ECO:0000269|PubMed:25324386}.
-!- DISRUPTION PHENOTYPE: Larger root systems when grown under
nitrogen-limiting, acidic, osmotic stress (e.g. mannitol) and high
salt conditions, as well as in the presence of sucrose and under
decreased or increased light irradiance. Reduced the lateral root
density at low temperature (16 degrees Celsius). Increased root
and shoot growth when grown hydroponically.
{ECO:0000269|PubMed:24179096}.
-!- SIMILARITY: Belongs to the C-terminally encoded plant signaling
peptide (CEP) family. {ECO:0000305}.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------
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-----------------------------------------------------------------------
EMBL; AC003040; AAC23759.1; -; Genomic_DNA.
EMBL; CP002685; AEC07455.1; -; Genomic_DNA.
EMBL; BT010787; AAR24154.1; -; mRNA.
EMBL; BT011268; AAR92304.1; -; mRNA.
PIR; T01133; T01133.
RefSeq; NP_179925.1; NM_127908.2.
UniGene; At.39291; -.
PaxDb; O80460; -.
EnsemblPlants; AT2G23440.1; AT2G23440.1; AT2G23440.
GeneID; 816876; -.
Gramene; AT2G23440.1; AT2G23440.1; AT2G23440.
KEGG; ath:AT2G23440; -.
Araport; AT2G23440; -.
TAIR; locus:2046798; AT2G23440.
eggNOG; ENOG410JVDS; Eukaryota.
eggNOG; ENOG4110608; LUCA.
HOGENOM; HOG000090622; -.
OMA; ATINVYV; -.
OrthoDB; EOG093610OC; -.
PRO; PR:O80460; -.
Proteomes; UP000006548; Chromosome 2.
ExpressionAtlas; O80460; differential.
GO; GO:0048046; C:apoplast; IDA:UniProtKB.
GO; GO:0005179; F:hormone activity; IDA:UniProtKB.
GO; GO:0006995; P:cellular response to nitrogen starvation; IMP:UniProtKB.
GO; GO:1902025; P:nitrate import; IDA:UniProtKB.
GO; GO:2000023; P:regulation of lateral root development; IDA:UniProtKB.
GO; GO:1901371; P:regulation of leaf morphogenesis; IMP:UniProtKB.
GO; GO:2000280; P:regulation of root development; IDA:UniProtKB.
GO; GO:0048831; P:regulation of shoot system development; IMP:UniProtKB.
GO; GO:0009733; P:response to auxin; IEP:UniProtKB.
GO; GO:0010037; P:response to carbon dioxide; IEP:UniProtKB.
GO; GO:0009642; P:response to light intensity; IMP:UniProtKB.
GO; GO:0090548; P:response to nitrate starvation; IEP:UniProtKB.
GO; GO:1901698; P:response to nitrogen compound; IEP:UniProtKB.
GO; GO:0006970; P:response to osmotic stress; IEP:UniProtKB.
GO; GO:0035864; P:response to potassium ion; IEP:UniProtKB.
GO; GO:0009651; P:response to salt stress; IEP:UniProtKB.
GO; GO:0009744; P:response to sucrose; IMP:UniProtKB.
GO; GO:0009266; P:response to temperature stimulus; IMP:UniProtKB.
GO; GO:0048364; P:root development; IEA:InterPro.
InterPro; IPR033250; CEP.
PANTHER; PTHR33348; PTHR33348; 1.
1: Evidence at protein level;
Apoplast; Complete proteome; Developmental protein;
Direct protein sequencing; Hormone; Hydroxylation; Reference proteome;
Secreted; Signal.
SIGNAL 1 24 {ECO:0000255}.
PROPEP 25 63 {ECO:0000305|PubMed:25324386}.
/FTId=PRO_0000439968.
PEPTIDE 64 78 C-terminally encoded peptide 3.
{ECO:0000269|PubMed:25324386}.
/FTId=PRO_0000439969.
PROPEP 79 82 {ECO:0000305|PubMed:25324386}.
/FTId=PRO_0000439970.
MOD_RES 67 67 Hydroxyproline.
{ECO:0000269|PubMed:24179096,
ECO:0000269|PubMed:25324386}.
MOD_RES 70 70 Hydroxyproline.
{ECO:0000250|UniProtKB:Q058G9}.
MOD_RES 74 74 Hydroxyproline.
{ECO:0000269|PubMed:24179096,
ECO:0000269|PubMed:25324386}.
SEQUENCE 82 AA; 8693 MW; AE26B2D03EADF4CA CRC64;
MATINVYVFA FIFLLTISVG SIEGRKLTKF TVTTSEEIRA GGSVLSSSPP TEPLESPPSH
GVDTFRPTEP GHSPGIGHSV HN


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