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Probable zinc metalloprotease EGY1, chloroplastic (EC 3.4.24.-) (Protein AMMONIUM OVERLY SENSITIVE 1) (Protein ETHYLENE-DEPENDENT GRAVITROPISM-DEFICIENT AND YELLOW-GREEN 1) (AtEGY1)

 EGY1_ARATH              Reviewed;         548 AA.
Q949Y5; Q9LHR6;
16-APR-2014, integrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.
01-DEC-2001, sequence version 1.
25-APR-2018, entry version 100.
RecName: Full=Probable zinc metalloprotease EGY1, chloroplastic;
EC=3.4.24.-;
AltName: Full=Protein AMMONIUM OVERLY SENSITIVE 1;
AltName: Full=Protein ETHYLENE-DEPENDENT GRAVITROPISM-DEFICIENT AND YELLOW-GREEN 1;
Short=AtEGY1;
Flags: Precursor;
Name=EGY1; Synonyms=AMOS1; OrderedLocusNames=At5g35220;
ORFNames=T25C13.100;
Arabidopsis thaliana (Mouse-ear cress).
Eukaryota; Viridiplantae; Streptophyta; Embryophyta; Tracheophyta;
Spermatophyta; Magnoliophyta; eudicotyledons; Gunneridae;
Pentapetalae; rosids; malvids; Brassicales; Brassicaceae; Camelineae;
Arabidopsis.
NCBI_TaxID=3702;
[1]
NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE GENOMIC DNA].
STRAIN=cv. Columbia;
Kaneko T., Katoh T., Asamizu E., Sato S., Nakamura Y., Kotani H.,
Tabata S.;
"Structural analysis of Arabidopsis thaliana chromosome 5. XI.";
Submitted (MAY-2000) to the EMBL/GenBank/DDBJ databases.
[2]
GENOME REANNOTATION.
STRAIN=cv. Columbia;
PubMed=27862469; DOI=10.1111/tpj.13415;
Cheng C.Y., Krishnakumar V., Chan A.P., Thibaud-Nissen F., Schobel S.,
Town C.D.;
"Araport11: a complete reannotation of the Arabidopsis thaliana
reference genome.";
Plant J. 89:789-804(2017).
[3]
NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE MRNA].
STRAIN=cv. Columbia;
PubMed=14593172; DOI=10.1126/science.1088305;
Yamada K., Lim J., Dale J.M., Chen H., Shinn P., Palm C.J.,
Southwick A.M., Wu H.C., Kim C.J., Nguyen M., Pham P.K., Cheuk R.F.,
Karlin-Newmann G., Liu S.X., Lam B., Sakano H., Wu T., Yu G.,
Miranda M., Quach H.L., Tripp M., Chang C.H., Lee J.M., Toriumi M.J.,
Chan M.M., Tang C.C., Onodera C.S., Deng J.M., Akiyama K., Ansari Y.,
Arakawa T., Banh J., Banno F., Bowser L., Brooks S.Y., Carninci P.,
Chao Q., Choy N., Enju A., Goldsmith A.D., Gurjal M., Hansen N.F.,
Hayashizaki Y., Johnson-Hopson C., Hsuan V.W., Iida K., Karnes M.,
Khan S., Koesema E., Ishida J., Jiang P.X., Jones T., Kawai J.,
Kamiya A., Meyers C., Nakajima M., Narusaka M., Seki M., Sakurai T.,
Satou M., Tamse R., Vaysberg M., Wallender E.K., Wong C., Yamamura Y.,
Yuan S., Shinozaki K., Davis R.W., Theologis A., Ecker J.R.;
"Empirical analysis of transcriptional activity in the Arabidopsis
genome.";
Science 302:842-846(2003).
[4]
FUNCTION, TISSUE SPECIFICITY, INDUCTION, GENE FAMILY, AND DISRUPTION
PHENOTYPE.
PubMed=15659096; DOI=10.1111/j.1365-313X.2004.02308.x;
Chen G., Bi Y.R., Li N.;
"EGY1 encodes a membrane-associated and ATP-independent
metalloprotease that is required for chloroplast development.";
Plant J. 41:364-375(2005).
[5]
FUNCTION, AND DISRUPTION PHENOTYPE.
PubMed=18097640; DOI=10.1007/s11103-007-9273-5;
Guo D., Gao X., Li H., Zhang T., Chen G., Huang P., An L., Li N.;
"EGY1 plays a role in regulation of endodermal plastid size and number
that are involved in ethylene-dependent gravitropism of light-grown
Arabidopsis hypocotyls.";
Plant Mol. Biol. 66:345-360(2008).
[6]
FUNCTION.
PubMed=23064408; DOI=10.1104/pp.112.206508;
Li B., Li Q., Xiong L., Kronzucker H.J., Kramer U., Shi W.;
"Arabidopsis plastid AMOS1/EGY1 integrates abscisic acid signaling to
regulate global gene expression response to ammonium stress.";
Plant Physiol. 160:2040-2051(2012).
-!- FUNCTION: Membrane-associated and ATP-independent metalloprotease
required for development of both thylakoid grana and well-
organized lamellae in chloroplast. Required for the accumulation
of chlorophyll and chlorophyll a/b binding (CAB) proteins (from
both PS I and PS II) in chloroplast membranes, and for grana
formation and normal chloroplast development. Involved in the
regulation of nuclear gene expression in response to ammonium
stress and interacts with ABA signaling. Carries out beta-casein
degradation in an ATP-independent manner in vitro.
{ECO:0000269|PubMed:15659096, ECO:0000269|PubMed:18097640,
ECO:0000269|PubMed:23064408}.
-!- SUBCELLULAR LOCATION: Plastid, chloroplast membrane {ECO:0000305};
Multi-pass membrane protein {ECO:0000305}. Note=Localizes in
endodermal and cortex plastids.
-!- TISSUE SPECIFICITY: Expressed in roots, leaves, cotyledons,
hypocotyls, stems, flowers and siliques.
{ECO:0000269|PubMed:15659096}.
-!- INDUCTION: By ethylene. Down-regulated by dark.
{ECO:0000269|PubMed:15659096}.
-!- DISRUPTION PHENOTYPE: Reduced chlorophyll accumulation, defects in
chloroplast development and abnormal hypocotyl gravicurvature.
{ECO:0000269|PubMed:15659096, ECO:0000269|PubMed:18097640}.
-!- SIMILARITY: Belongs to the peptidase M50B family. {ECO:0000305}.
-!- SEQUENCE CAUTION:
Sequence=BAA98209.1; Type=Erroneous gene model prediction; Evidence={ECO:0000305};
-----------------------------------------------------------------------
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Distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY 4.0) License
-----------------------------------------------------------------------
EMBL; AP002031; BAA98209.1; ALT_SEQ; Genomic_DNA.
EMBL; CP002688; AED93947.1; -; Genomic_DNA.
EMBL; AY050809; AAK92744.1; -; mRNA.
EMBL; BT001978; AAN71977.1; -; mRNA.
RefSeq; NP_198372.1; NM_122913.4.
UniGene; At.26562; -.
ProteinModelPortal; Q949Y5; -.
STRING; 3702.AT5G35220.1; -.
MEROPS; M50.A02; -.
iPTMnet; Q949Y5; -.
PaxDb; Q949Y5; -.
EnsemblPlants; AT5G35220.1; AT5G35220.1; AT5G35220.
GeneID; 833476; -.
Gramene; AT5G35220.1; AT5G35220.1; AT5G35220.
KEGG; ath:AT5G35220; -.
Araport; AT5G35220; -.
TAIR; locus:2182372; AT5G35220.
eggNOG; ENOG410IFEG; Eukaryota.
eggNOG; COG0750; LUCA.
HOGENOM; HOG000070550; -.
InParanoid; Q949Y5; -.
OMA; RSPEKPC; -.
OrthoDB; EOG093608D9; -.
PhylomeDB; Q949Y5; -.
PRO; PR:Q949Y5; -.
Proteomes; UP000006548; Chromosome 5.
ExpressionAtlas; Q949Y5; baseline and differential.
Genevisible; Q949Y5; AT.
GO; GO:0009507; C:chloroplast; IDA:TAIR.
GO; GO:0031969; C:chloroplast membrane; IEA:UniProtKB-SubCell.
GO; GO:0016021; C:integral component of membrane; IEA:UniProtKB-KW.
GO; GO:0004222; F:metalloendopeptidase activity; IDA:TAIR.
GO; GO:0009658; P:chloroplast organization; IMP:TAIR.
GO; GO:0009630; P:gravitropism; IMP:TAIR.
GO; GO:0007275; P:multicellular organism development; IEA:UniProtKB-KW.
GO; GO:0009959; P:negative gravitropism; IMP:TAIR.
GO; GO:0048564; P:photosystem I assembly; IMP:TAIR.
GO; GO:0010207; P:photosystem II assembly; IMP:TAIR.
GO; GO:0060359; P:response to ammonium ion; IMP:TAIR.
GO; GO:0043157; P:response to cation stress; IMP:TAIR.
GO; GO:0009723; P:response to ethylene; IEP:TAIR.
GO; GO:0009416; P:response to light stimulus; IEP:TAIR.
GO; GO:0010027; P:thylakoid membrane organization; IMP:TAIR.
InterPro; IPR008915; Peptidase_M50.
Pfam; PF02163; Peptidase_M50; 1.
PROSITE; PS00142; ZINC_PROTEASE; 1.
2: Evidence at transcript level;
Chloroplast; Complete proteome; Developmental protein; Hydrolase;
Membrane; Metalloprotease; Plastid; Protease; Reference proteome;
Transit peptide; Transmembrane; Transmembrane helix.
TRANSIT 1 18 Chloroplast. {ECO:0000255}.
CHAIN 19 548 Probable zinc metalloprotease EGY1,
chloroplastic.
/FTId=PRO_0000428645.
TRANSMEM 242 262 Helical. {ECO:0000255}.
TRANSMEM 290 310 Helical. {ECO:0000255}.
TRANSMEM 326 346 Helical. {ECO:0000255}.
TRANSMEM 361 381 Helical. {ECO:0000255}.
TRANSMEM 388 408 Helical. {ECO:0000255}.
TRANSMEM 416 436 Helical. {ECO:0000255}.
TRANSMEM 474 494 Helical. {ECO:0000255}.
TRANSMEM 516 536 Helical. {ECO:0000255}.
SEQUENCE 548 AA; 59501 MW; D8120CC9B3EFF287 CRC64;
MGTLTSVAFA AAVNIRFRSF HRENIKTTIT TLPKWQKRLC FSSTEDSHRF RIAKCLGNDE
NSNRDDSIGE NGETHKSSVV KTATFEEEDE ETSKSSSTTS SSNEFGSDKT SMPSTIDPTY
SSFQIDSFKL MELLGPEKVD PADVKLIKDK LFGYSTFWVT KEEPFGDLGE GILFLGNLRG
KKEDVFAKLQ RKLVEVASDK YNLFMIEEPN SEGPDPRGGA RVSFGLLRKE VSEPGPTTLW
QYVIALILFL LTIGSSVELG IASQINRLPP EVVKYFTDPN AVEPPDMELL YPFVDAALPL
AYGVLGILLF HELGHFLAAV PKKVKLSIPY FIPNITLGSF GAITQFKSIL PDRSTKVDIS
LAGPFAGAAL SVSMFAVGLF LSTEPDAAND LVQVPSMLFQ GSLLLGLISR ATLGYAALHA
ATVSIHPLVI AGWCGLTTTA FNMLPVGCLD GGRAVQGAFG KNALVTFGLS TYVMLGLRVL
GGPLALPWGL YVLICQRTPE KPCLNDVTEV GTWRKALVGI ALILVVLTLL PVWDELAEEV
GIGLVTTF


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