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Protein PROTON GRADIENT REGULATION 5, chloroplastic

 PGR5_ARATH              Reviewed;         133 AA.
Q9SL05; Q8LE53;
26-FEB-2008, integrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.
01-MAY-2000, sequence version 1.
25-APR-2018, entry version 85.
RecName: Full=Protein PROTON GRADIENT REGULATION 5, chloroplastic;
Flags: Precursor;
Name=PGR5; OrderedLocusNames=At2g05620; ORFNames=T20G20.3;
Arabidopsis thaliana (Mouse-ear cress).
Eukaryota; Viridiplantae; Streptophyta; Embryophyta; Tracheophyta;
Spermatophyta; Magnoliophyta; eudicotyledons; Gunneridae;
Pentapetalae; rosids; malvids; Brassicales; Brassicaceae; Camelineae;
Arabidopsis.
NCBI_TaxID=3702;
[1]
NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE GENOMIC DNA].
STRAIN=cv. Columbia;
PubMed=10617197; DOI=10.1038/45471;
Lin X., Kaul S., Rounsley S.D., Shea T.P., Benito M.-I., Town C.D.,
Fujii C.Y., Mason T.M., Bowman C.L., Barnstead M.E., Feldblyum T.V.,
Buell C.R., Ketchum K.A., Lee J.J., Ronning C.M., Koo H.L.,
Moffat K.S., Cronin L.A., Shen M., Pai G., Van Aken S., Umayam L.,
Tallon L.J., Gill J.E., Adams M.D., Carrera A.J., Creasy T.H.,
Goodman H.M., Somerville C.R., Copenhaver G.P., Preuss D.,
Nierman W.C., White O., Eisen J.A., Salzberg S.L., Fraser C.M.,
Venter J.C.;
"Sequence and analysis of chromosome 2 of the plant Arabidopsis
thaliana.";
Nature 402:761-768(1999).
[2]
GENOME REANNOTATION.
STRAIN=cv. Columbia;
PubMed=27862469; DOI=10.1111/tpj.13415;
Cheng C.Y., Krishnakumar V., Chan A.P., Thibaud-Nissen F., Schobel S.,
Town C.D.;
"Araport11: a complete reannotation of the Arabidopsis thaliana
reference genome.";
Plant J. 89:789-804(2017).
[3]
NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE MRNA].
STRAIN=cv. Columbia;
PubMed=14593172; DOI=10.1126/science.1088305;
Yamada K., Lim J., Dale J.M., Chen H., Shinn P., Palm C.J.,
Southwick A.M., Wu H.C., Kim C.J., Nguyen M., Pham P.K., Cheuk R.F.,
Karlin-Newmann G., Liu S.X., Lam B., Sakano H., Wu T., Yu G.,
Miranda M., Quach H.L., Tripp M., Chang C.H., Lee J.M., Toriumi M.J.,
Chan M.M., Tang C.C., Onodera C.S., Deng J.M., Akiyama K., Ansari Y.,
Arakawa T., Banh J., Banno F., Bowser L., Brooks S.Y., Carninci P.,
Chao Q., Choy N., Enju A., Goldsmith A.D., Gurjal M., Hansen N.F.,
Hayashizaki Y., Johnson-Hopson C., Hsuan V.W., Iida K., Karnes M.,
Khan S., Koesema E., Ishida J., Jiang P.X., Jones T., Kawai J.,
Kamiya A., Meyers C., Nakajima M., Narusaka M., Seki M., Sakurai T.,
Satou M., Tamse R., Vaysberg M., Wallender E.K., Wong C., Yamamura Y.,
Yuan S., Shinozaki K., Davis R.W., Theologis A., Ecker J.R.;
"Empirical analysis of transcriptional activity in the Arabidopsis
genome.";
Science 302:842-846(2003).
[4]
NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE MRNA].
Brover V.V., Troukhan M.E., Alexandrov N.A., Lu Y.-P., Flavell R.B.,
Feldmann K.A.;
"Full-length cDNA from Arabidopsis thaliana.";
Submitted (MAR-2002) to the EMBL/GenBank/DDBJ databases.
[5]
FUNCTION, MUTAGENESIS OF GLY-130, AND SUBCELLULAR LOCATION.
PubMed=12176323; DOI=10.1016/S0092-8674(02)00867-X;
Munekage Y., Hojo M., Meurer J., Endo T., Tasaka M., Shikanai T.;
"PGR5 is involved in cyclic electron flow around photosystem I and is
essential for photoprotection in Arabidopsis.";
Cell 110:361-371(2002).
[6]
FUNCTION.
PubMed=17803955; DOI=10.1016/j.bbabio.2007.07.007;
Nandha B., Finazzi G., Joliot P., Hald S., Johnson G.N.;
"The role of PGR5 in the redox poising of photosynthetic electron
transport.";
Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1767:1252-1259(2007).
[7]
FUNCTION, AND SUBCELLULAR LOCATION.
PubMed=17913767; DOI=10.1093/pcp/pcm116;
Okegawa Y., Long T.A., Iwano M., Takayama S., Kobayashi Y.,
Covert S.F., Shikanai T.;
"A balanced PGR5 level is required for chloroplast development and
optimum operation of cyclic electron transport around photosystem I.";
Plant Cell Physiol. 48:1462-1471(2007).
[8]
SUBCELLULAR LOCATION, AND INTERACTION WITH PGRL1A AND PGRL1B.
STRAIN=cv. Columbia;
PubMed=18243102; DOI=10.1016/j.cell.2007.12.028;
DalCorso G., Pesaresi P., Masiero S., Aseeva E., Schuenemann D.,
Finazzi G., Joliot P., Barbato R., Leister D.;
"A complex containing PGRL1 and PGR5 is involved in the switch between
linear and cyclic electron flow in Arabidopsis.";
Cell 132:273-285(2008).
[9]
INDUCTION BY DROUGHT.
PubMed=20392519; DOI=10.1016/j.jplph.2010.02.006;
Lehtimaeki N., Lintala M., Allahverdiyeva Y., Aro E.M., Mulo P.;
"Drought stress-induced upregulation of components involved in
ferredoxin-dependent cyclic electron transfer.";
J. Plant Physiol. 167:1018-1022(2010).
[10]
FUNCTION, INTERACTION WITH PGRL1A, AND DISULFIDE BOND.
PubMed=23290914; DOI=10.1016/j.molcel.2012.11.030;
Hertle A.P., Blunder T., Wunder T., Pesaresi P., Pribil M.,
Armbruster U., Leister D.;
"PGRL1 is the elusive ferredoxin-plastoquinone reductase in
photosynthetic cyclic electron flow.";
Mol. Cell 49:511-523(2013).
-!- FUNCTION: Involved in the regulation of the cyclic electron flow
(CEF) around Photosystem I. Essential for the reduction of PGRL1A
by ferredoxin and for photoprotection.
{ECO:0000269|PubMed:12176323, ECO:0000269|PubMed:17803955,
ECO:0000269|PubMed:17913767, ECO:0000269|PubMed:23290914}.
-!- SUBUNIT: Interacts with PGRL1A and PGRL1B.
{ECO:0000269|PubMed:18243102, ECO:0000269|PubMed:23290914}.
-!- SUBCELLULAR LOCATION: Plastid, chloroplast thylakoid membrane
{ECO:0000269|PubMed:12176323, ECO:0000269|PubMed:17913767,
ECO:0000269|PubMed:18243102}; Peripheral membrane protein
{ECO:0000269|PubMed:12176323, ECO:0000269|PubMed:17913767,
ECO:0000269|PubMed:18243102}; Stromal side
{ECO:0000269|PubMed:12176323, ECO:0000269|PubMed:17913767,
ECO:0000269|PubMed:18243102}.
-!- INDUCTION: Up-regulated by drought stress.
{ECO:0000269|PubMed:20392519}.
-!- PTM: Disulfide bonds; Cys-11 and Cys-105 are probably involved in
the formation of disulfide bridges with 'Cys-300' and 'Cys-303' of
PGRL1A. 'Cys-272' and 'Cys-275' of PGRL1A may also be used to form
the disulfide bridges, but in this case the cyclic electron flow
is lost.
-!- SIMILARITY: Belongs to the PGR5 family. {ECO:0000305}.
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EMBL; AC006220; AAD24646.1; -; Genomic_DNA.
EMBL; CP002685; AEC05957.1; -; Genomic_DNA.
EMBL; CP002685; ANM61532.1; -; Genomic_DNA.
EMBL; AF375454; AAK53038.1; -; mRNA.
EMBL; AY060546; AAL31177.1; -; mRNA.
EMBL; AY085613; AAM62834.1; -; mRNA.
PIR; G84470; G84470.
RefSeq; NP_001318202.1; NM_001335284.1.
RefSeq; NP_565327.1; NM_126585.6.
UniGene; At.27446; -.
ProteinModelPortal; Q9SL05; -.
BioGrid; 511; 4.
IntAct; Q9SL05; 3.
STRING; 3702.AT2G05620.1; -.
PaxDb; Q9SL05; -.
PRIDE; Q9SL05; -.
EnsemblPlants; AT2G05620.1; AT2G05620.1; AT2G05620.
EnsemblPlants; AT2G05620.2; AT2G05620.2; AT2G05620.
GeneID; 815111; -.
Gramene; AT2G05620.1; AT2G05620.1; AT2G05620.
Gramene; AT2G05620.2; AT2G05620.2; AT2G05620.
KEGG; ath:AT2G05620; -.
Araport; AT2G05620; -.
TAIR; locus:2058974; AT2G05620.
eggNOG; ENOG410IZAQ; Eukaryota.
eggNOG; ENOG411252E; LUCA.
HOGENOM; HOG000242985; -.
InParanoid; Q9SL05; -.
OMA; GEDYQTM; -.
OrthoDB; EOG09360TON; -.
PhylomeDB; Q9SL05; -.
PRO; PR:Q9SL05; -.
Proteomes; UP000006548; Chromosome 2.
ExpressionAtlas; Q9SL05; baseline and differential.
Genevisible; Q9SL05; AT.
GO; GO:0009507; C:chloroplast; IDA:TAIR.
GO; GO:0009534; C:chloroplast thylakoid; IDA:TAIR.
GO; GO:0009535; C:chloroplast thylakoid membrane; IDA:TAIR.
GO; GO:0009055; F:electron transfer activity; IMP:TAIR.
GO; GO:0071484; P:cellular response to light intensity; IMP:TAIR.
GO; GO:0010117; P:photoprotection; IMP:TAIR.
GO; GO:0009773; P:photosynthetic electron transport in photosystem I; IMP:TAIR.
GO; GO:0009644; P:response to high light intensity; IMP:TAIR.
GO; GO:0009414; P:response to water deprivation; IMP:TAIR.
InterPro; IPR037497; PGR5.
PANTHER; PTHR35709; PTHR35709; 1.
1: Evidence at protein level;
Chloroplast; Complete proteome; Disulfide bond; Electron transport;
Membrane; Plastid; Reference proteome; Thylakoid; Transit peptide;
Transport.
TRANSIT 1 60 Chloroplast. {ECO:0000305}.
CHAIN 61 133 Protein PROTON GRADIENT REGULATION 5,
chloroplastic.
/FTId=PRO_0000322591.
MUTAGEN 130 130 G->S: In pgr5; increased instability of
the protein.
{ECO:0000269|PubMed:12176323}.
CONFLICT 16 16 I -> L (in Ref. 4; AAM62834).
{ECO:0000305}.
SEQUENCE 133 AA; 14293 MW; 068C64C417C50A54 CRC64;
MAAASISAIG CNQTLIGTSF YGGWGSSISG EDYQTMLSKT VAPPQQARVS RKAIRAVPMM
KNVNEGKGLF APLVVVTRNL VGKKRFNQLR GKAIALHSQV ITEFCKSIGA DAKQRQGLIR
LAKKNGERLG FLA


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