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Taste receptor type 2 member 16 (T2R16)

 T2R16_PANTR             Reviewed;         291 AA.
Q646B3; Q646A6;
23-NOV-2004, integrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.
25-OCT-2004, sequence version 1.
05-JUL-2017, entry version 79.
RecName: Full=Taste receptor type 2 member 16;
Short=T2R16;
Name=TAS2R16;
Pan troglodytes (Chimpanzee).
Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi;
Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini;
Catarrhini; Hominidae; Pan.
NCBI_TaxID=9598;
[1]
NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [GENOMIC DNA].
PubMed=15496549; DOI=10.1093/molbev/msi027;
Fischer A., Gilad Y., Man O., Paeaebo S.;
"Evolution of bitter taste receptors in humans and apes.";
Mol. Biol. Evol. 22:432-436(2005).
-!- FUNCTION: Receptor that may play a role in the perception of
bitterness and is gustducin-linked. May play a role in sensing the
chemical composition of the gastrointestinal content. The activity
of this receptor may stimulate alpha gustducin, mediate PLC-beta-2
activation and lead to the gating of TRPM5 (By similarity).
{ECO:0000250}.
-!- SUBUNIT: Interacts with RTP3 and RTP4.
{ECO:0000250|UniProtKB:Q9NYV7}.
-!- SUBCELLULAR LOCATION: Cell membrane
{ECO:0000250|UniProtKB:Q9NYV7}; Multi-pass membrane protein
{ECO:0000255}.
-!- MISCELLANEOUS: Most taste cells may be activated by a limited
number of bitter compounds; individual taste cells can
discriminate among bitter stimuli.
-!- SIMILARITY: Belongs to the G-protein coupled receptor T2R family.
{ECO:0000305}.
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EMBL; AY724890; AAU21106.1; -; Genomic_DNA.
EMBL; AY724897; AAU21113.1; -; Genomic_DNA.
RefSeq; NP_001009160.1; NM_001009160.1.
RefSeq; XP_016800871.1; XM_016945382.1.
UniGene; Ptr.6376; -.
ProteinModelPortal; Q646B3; -.
STRING; 9598.ENSPTRP00000033625; -.
PaxDb; Q646B3; -.
Ensembl; ENSPTRT00000036368; ENSPTRP00000033625; ENSPTRG00000019634.
GeneID; 107971632; -.
GeneID; 494113; -.
KEGG; ptr:107971632; -.
KEGG; ptr:494113; -.
CTD; 50833; -.
eggNOG; ENOG410IKNW; Eukaryota.
eggNOG; ENOG41119UD; LUCA.
GeneTree; ENSGT00760000119096; -.
HOGENOM; HOG000234595; -.
HOVERGEN; HBG098568; -.
InParanoid; Q646B3; -.
KO; K08474; -.
OMA; CVTIIPS; -.
OrthoDB; EOG091G0HIR; -.
TreeFam; TF335891; -.
Proteomes; UP000002277; Chromosome 7.
GO; GO:0005783; C:endoplasmic reticulum; IEA:Ensembl.
GO; GO:0009897; C:external side of plasma membrane; IEA:Ensembl.
GO; GO:0016021; C:integral component of membrane; IBA:GO_Central.
GO; GO:0005802; C:trans-Golgi network; IEA:Ensembl.
GO; GO:0033038; F:bitter taste receptor activity; IBA:GO_Central.
GO; GO:0004930; F:G-protein coupled receptor activity; IEA:UniProtKB-KW.
GO; GO:0001580; P:detection of chemical stimulus involved in sensory perception of bitter taste; IBA:GO_Central.
InterPro; IPR007960; T2R.
PANTHER; PTHR11394; PTHR11394; 1.
Pfam; PF05296; TAS2R; 1.
3: Inferred from homology;
Cell membrane; Complete proteome; G-protein coupled receptor;
Glycoprotein; Membrane; Receptor; Reference proteome;
Sensory transduction; Taste; Transducer; Transmembrane;
Transmembrane helix.
CHAIN 1 291 Taste receptor type 2 member 16.
/FTId=PRO_0000082264.
TOPO_DOM 1 1 Extracellular. {ECO:0000255}.
TRANSMEM 2 22 Helical; Name=1. {ECO:0000255}.
TOPO_DOM 23 41 Cytoplasmic. {ECO:0000255}.
TRANSMEM 42 62 Helical; Name=2. {ECO:0000255}.
TOPO_DOM 63 84 Extracellular. {ECO:0000255}.
TRANSMEM 85 105 Helical; Name=3. {ECO:0000255}.
TOPO_DOM 106 125 Cytoplasmic. {ECO:0000255}.
TRANSMEM 126 146 Helical; Name=4. {ECO:0000255}.
TOPO_DOM 147 182 Extracellular. {ECO:0000255}.
TRANSMEM 183 203 Helical; Name=5. {ECO:0000255}.
TOPO_DOM 204 228 Cytoplasmic. {ECO:0000255}.
TRANSMEM 229 249 Helical; Name=6. {ECO:0000255}.
TOPO_DOM 250 257 Extracellular. {ECO:0000255}.
TRANSMEM 258 278 Helical; Name=7. {ECO:0000255}.
TOPO_DOM 279 291 Cytoplasmic. {ECO:0000255}.
CARBOHYD 80 80 N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagine.
{ECO:0000255}.
CARBOHYD 163 163 N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagine.
{ECO:0000255}.
SEQUENCE 291 AA; 33947 MW; 5498145FC3CF229A CRC64;
MIPIQLTVFF MIIYVLESLT IIVQSSLIVA VLGREWLQVR RLMPVDMILI SLGISRFCLQ
WASMLNNFCS YFNLNYVLCN LTITWEFFNI LTFWLNSLLT VFYCIKVSSF THHIFLWLRW
RILRLFPWIL LGSLMITCVT IIPSAIGNYI QIQLLTMEHL PRNSTVTDKL EKFHQYQFQA
HTVALVIPFI LFLASTILLM ASLTKQIQHH STGHCNPSMK AHFTALRSLA VLFIVFTSYF
LTILITIIGT LFDKRCWLWV WEAFVYAFIL MHSTSLMLSS PTLKRILKGK C


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