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Thioredoxin M3, chloroplastic (AtTrxm3) (Protein GFP ARRESTED TRAFFICKING 1)

 TRXM3_ARATH             Reviewed;         173 AA.
Q9SEU7; Q42072; Q67XN4; Q67ZH7; Q681Y9; Q9SKS6;
01-DEC-2000, integrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.
01-DEC-2000, sequence version 2.
30-AUG-2017, entry version 135.
RecName: Full=Thioredoxin M3, chloroplastic;
Short=AtTrxm3;
AltName: Full=Protein GFP ARRESTED TRAFFICKING 1;
Flags: Precursor;
Name=GAT1; OrderedLocusNames=At2g15570; ORFNames=F9O13.12;
Arabidopsis thaliana (Mouse-ear cress).
Eukaryota; Viridiplantae; Streptophyta; Embryophyta; Tracheophyta;
Spermatophyta; Magnoliophyta; eudicotyledons; Gunneridae;
Pentapetalae; rosids; malvids; Brassicales; Brassicaceae; Camelineae;
Arabidopsis.
NCBI_TaxID=3702;
[1]
NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [MRNA].
PubMed=10580150; DOI=10.1016/S0378-1119(99)00448-5;
Mestres-Ortega D., Meyer Y.;
"The Arabidopsis thaliana genome encodes at least four thioredoxins m
and a new prokaryotic-like thioredoxin.";
Gene 240:307-316(1999).
[2]
NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE GENOMIC DNA].
STRAIN=cv. Columbia;
PubMed=10617197; DOI=10.1038/45471;
Lin X., Kaul S., Rounsley S.D., Shea T.P., Benito M.-I., Town C.D.,
Fujii C.Y., Mason T.M., Bowman C.L., Barnstead M.E., Feldblyum T.V.,
Buell C.R., Ketchum K.A., Lee J.J., Ronning C.M., Koo H.L.,
Moffat K.S., Cronin L.A., Shen M., Pai G., Van Aken S., Umayam L.,
Tallon L.J., Gill J.E., Adams M.D., Carrera A.J., Creasy T.H.,
Goodman H.M., Somerville C.R., Copenhaver G.P., Preuss D.,
Nierman W.C., White O., Eisen J.A., Salzberg S.L., Fraser C.M.,
Venter J.C.;
"Sequence and analysis of chromosome 2 of the plant Arabidopsis
thaliana.";
Nature 402:761-768(1999).
[3]
GENOME REANNOTATION.
STRAIN=cv. Columbia;
The Arabidopsis Information Portal (Araport);
Submitted (MAY-2016) to the EMBL/GenBank/DDBJ databases.
[4]
NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE MRNA].
STRAIN=cv. Columbia;
Totoki Y., Seki M., Ishida J., Nakajima M., Enju A., Kamiya A.,
Narusaka M., Shin-i T., Nakagawa M., Sakamoto N., Oishi K., Kohara Y.,
Kobayashi M., Toyoda A., Sakaki Y., Sakurai T., Iida K., Akiyama K.,
Satou M., Toyoda T., Konagaya A., Carninci P., Kawai J.,
Hayashizaki Y., Shinozaki K.;
"Large-scale analysis of RIKEN Arabidopsis full-length (RAFL) cDNAs.";
Submitted (SEP-2004) to the EMBL/GenBank/DDBJ databases.
[5]
NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE MRNA].
STRAIN=cv. Columbia;
Kim C.J., Chen H., Quinitio C., Shinn P., Ecker J.R.;
"Arabidopsis ORF clones.";
Submitted (JUN-2006) to the EMBL/GenBank/DDBJ databases.
[6]
NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE MRNA] OF 142-173.
STRAIN=cv. Columbia; TISSUE=Seedling;
PubMed=8580968; DOI=10.1046/j.1365-313X.1996.09010101.x;
Cooke R., Raynal M., Laudie M., Grellet F., Delseny M., Morris P.-C.,
Guerrier D., Giraudat J., Quigley F., Clabault G., Li Y.-F., Mache R.,
Krivitzky M., Gy I.J.-J., Kreis M., Lecharny A., Parmentier Y.,
Marbach J., Fleck J., Clement B., Philipps G., Herve C., Bardet C.,
Tremousaygue D., Lescure B., Lacomme C., Roby D., Jourjon M.-F.,
Chabrier P., Charpenteau J.-L., Desprez T., Amselem J., Chiapello H.,
Hoefte H.;
"Further progress towards a catalogue of all Arabidopsis genes:
analysis of a set of 5000 non-redundant ESTs.";
Plant J. 9:101-124(1996).
[7]
GENE FAMILY, AND NOMENCLATURE.
PubMed=19825616; DOI=10.1093/mp/ssn076;
Chibani K., Wingsle G., Jacquot J.P., Gelhaye E., Rouhier N.;
"Comparative genomic study of the thioredoxin family in photosynthetic
organisms with emphasis on Populus trichocarpa.";
Mol. Plant 2:308-322(2009).
[8]
SUBCELLULAR LOCATION.
PubMed=19259774; DOI=10.1007/s11103-009-9471-4;
Cain P., Hall M., Schroder W.P., Kieselbach T., Robinson C.;
"A novel extended family of stromal thioredoxins.";
Plant Mol. Biol. 70:273-281(2009).
[9]
FUNCTION.
PubMed=19820302; DOI=10.4161/psb.4.7.8992;
Benitez-Alfonso Y., Jackson D.;
"Redox homeostasis regulates plasmodesmal communication in Arabidopsis
meristems.";
Plant Signal. Behav. 4:655-659(2009).
[10]
FUNCTION, DEVELOPMENTAL STAGE, SUBCELLULAR LOCATION, AND DISRUPTION
PHENOTYPE.
PubMed=19218459; DOI=10.1073/pnas.0808717106;
Benitez-Alfonso Y., Cilia M., San Roman A., Thomas C., Maule A.,
Hearn S., Jackson D.;
"Control of Arabidopsis meristem development by thioredoxin-dependent
regulation of intercellular transport.";
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 106:3615-3620(2009).
-!- FUNCTION: Thiol-disulfide oxidoreductase required for maintaining
symplastic permeability in the meristem. Involved in redox
regulation of callose deposition, plasmodesmata cell-to-cell
communication and meristem maintenance.
{ECO:0000269|PubMed:19218459, ECO:0000269|PubMed:19820302}.
-!- SUBCELLULAR LOCATION: Plastid, chloroplast stroma
{ECO:0000269|PubMed:19218459, ECO:0000269|PubMed:19259774}.
-!- ALTERNATIVE PRODUCTS:
Event=Alternative splicing; Named isoforms=1;
Comment=A number of isoforms are produced. According to EST
sequences.;
Name=1;
IsoId=Q9SEU7-1; Sequence=Displayed;
-!- DEVELOPMENTAL STAGE: Expressed during embryogenesis in the root
meristem at the transition from heart to torpedo stage. At the
cotyledon stage, expressed in root and shoot meristems, with weak
expression in provascular tissues. Expressed later in the seedling
root meristem, shoot apex, and vasculature. During flowering,
expressed in inflorescence and floral meristems, and in petal,
stamen, and carpel primordia. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:19218459}.
-!- DISRUPTION PHENOTYPE: Seedling lethality when homozygous.
Increased callose deposition and accumulation of reactive oxygen
species in roots. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:19218459}.
-!- SIMILARITY: Belongs to the thioredoxin family. Plant M-type
subfamily. {ECO:0000305}.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------
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EMBL; AF095751; AAF15950.1; -; mRNA.
EMBL; AC006248; AAD17401.1; -; Genomic_DNA.
EMBL; CP002685; AEC06417.1; -; Genomic_DNA.
EMBL; AK175478; BAD43241.1; -; mRNA.
EMBL; AK176140; BAD43903.1; -; mRNA.
EMBL; AK176784; BAD44547.1; -; mRNA.
EMBL; BT025735; ABF83625.1; -; mRNA.
EMBL; Z26209; CAA81191.1; -; mRNA.
PIR; F84530; F84530.
RefSeq; NP_179159.1; NM_127118.4. [Q9SEU7-1]
UniGene; At.24036; -.
ProteinModelPortal; Q9SEU7; -.
SMR; Q9SEU7; -.
STRING; 3702.AT2G15570.2; -.
PaxDb; Q9SEU7; -.
PRIDE; Q9SEU7; -.
EnsemblPlants; AT2G15570.1; AT2G15570.1; AT2G15570. [Q9SEU7-1]
GeneID; 816050; -.
Gramene; AT2G15570.1; AT2G15570.1; AT2G15570.
KEGG; ath:AT2G15570; -.
Araport; AT2G15570; -.
eggNOG; KOG0910; Eukaryota.
eggNOG; COG0526; LUCA.
HOGENOM; HOG000292977; -.
KO; K03671; -.
PhylomeDB; Q9SEU7; -.
PRO; PR:Q9SEU7; -.
Proteomes; UP000006548; Chromosome 2.
ExpressionAtlas; Q9SEU7; baseline and differential.
Genevisible; Q9SEU7; AT.
GO; GO:0009507; C:chloroplast; IDA:UniProtKB.
GO; GO:0009570; C:chloroplast stroma; TAS:UniProtKB.
GO; GO:0016671; F:oxidoreductase activity, acting on a sulfur group of donors, disulfide as acceptor; IBA:GO_Central.
GO; GO:0015035; F:protein disulfide oxidoreductase activity; IBA:GO_Central.
GO; GO:0047134; F:protein-disulfide reductase activity; IBA:GO_Central.
GO; GO:0004791; F:thioredoxin-disulfide reductase activity; IBA:GO_Central.
GO; GO:0045454; P:cell redox homeostasis; IMP:UniProtKB.
GO; GO:0034599; P:cellular response to oxidative stress; IBA:GO_Central.
GO; GO:0006662; P:glycerol ether metabolic process; IEA:InterPro.
GO; GO:0010497; P:plasmodesmata-mediated intercellular transport; IMP:UniProtKB.
GO; GO:0010647; P:positive regulation of cell communication; IMP:UniProtKB.
GO; GO:0048509; P:regulation of meristem development; IMP:UniProtKB.
InterPro; IPR005746; Thioredoxin.
InterPro; IPR012336; Thioredoxin-like_fold.
InterPro; IPR017937; Thioredoxin_CS.
InterPro; IPR013766; Thioredoxin_domain.
PANTHER; PTHR10438; PTHR10438; 1.
Pfam; PF00085; Thioredoxin; 1.
SUPFAM; SSF52833; SSF52833; 1.
PROSITE; PS00194; THIOREDOXIN_1; 1.
PROSITE; PS51352; THIOREDOXIN_2; 1.
2: Evidence at transcript level;
Alternative splicing; Chloroplast; Complete proteome; Disulfide bond;
Electron transport; Plastid; Redox-active center; Reference proteome;
Transit peptide; Transport.
TRANSIT 1 67 Chloroplast. {ECO:0000255}.
CHAIN 68 173 Thioredoxin M3, chloroplastic.
/FTId=PRO_0000034164.
DOMAIN 68 173 Thioredoxin. {ECO:0000255|PROSITE-
ProRule:PRU00691}.
ACT_SITE 96 96 Nucleophile. {ECO:0000250}.
ACT_SITE 99 99 Nucleophile. {ECO:0000250}.
SITE 97 97 Contributes to redox potential value.
{ECO:0000250}.
SITE 98 98 Contributes to redox potential value.
{ECO:0000250}.
DISULFID 96 99 Redox-active. {ECO:0000255|PROSITE-
ProRule:PRU00691}.
CONFLICT 110 110 A -> T (in Ref. 4; BAD43241).
{ECO:0000305}.
CONFLICT 124 124 A -> E (in Ref. 1; AAF15950).
{ECO:0000305}.
CONFLICT 136 136 I -> V (in Ref. 4; BAD44547).
{ECO:0000305}.
SEQUENCE 173 AA; 19500 MW; F103CA26FCB87613 CRC64;
MAISSSSSSI CFNPTRFHTA RHISSPSRLF PVTSFSPRSL RFSDRRSLLS SSASRLRLSP
LCVRDSRAAE VTQRSWEDSV LKSETPVLVE FYTSWCGPCR MVHRIIDEIA GDYAGKLNCY
LLNADNDLPV AEEYEIKAVP VVLLFKNGEK RESIMGTMPK EFYISAIERV LNS


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