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Pubmed ID :12609533
Publication Date : //

Monoclonal anti-idiotype antibodies recognizing the variable region of a high-affinity antibody against 11-deoxycortisol. Production, characterization and application to a sensitive noncompetitive immunoassay.


Anti-idiotype antibodies recognizing the variable regions of a particular anti-hapten antibody are valuable tools, which can be used in sensitive hapten immunoassays based on a noncompetitive format. Here, we describe the production and characterization of monoclonal anti-idiotype antibodies against idiotopes on the variable regions of an antibody showing high affinity and specificity to 11-deoxycortisol (11-DC). 11-DC is the biosynthetic precursor of cortisol and a diagnostic index for the assessment of pituitary-adrenal function. BALB/c or A/J mice were repeatedly immunized with the anti-11-DC antibody conjugated with keyhole limpet hemocyanin and their spleen cells were then fused with P3/NS1/1-Ag4-1 myeloma cells. Seven kinds of anti-idiotype antibodies were generated, one of which was a beta-type antibody recognizing the paratope and others which were alpha-type antibodies recognizing the framework region. A noncompetitive ELISA based on idiotype-anti-idiotype reactions was established using one of these alpha-type antibodies in combination with the beta-type antibody and with the anti-11-DC antibody. This noncompetitive assay system provided improved sensitivity (detection limit: 1.0 pg=2.9 fmol), which is approximately 10 times higher than the corresponding competitive enzyme immunoassay, and offered a practical specificity for clinical use. Appropriate serum 11-DC levels were obtained for normal subjects [0.16+/-0.09 (S.D.) microg/l (n=6), ranging from 0.086 to 0.316 microg/l] using the present assay system.

Authors : Kobayashi Norihiro , Shibusawa Kazuki , Kubota Kazuyuki , Hasegawa Noriko , Sun Pi , Niwa Toshifumi , Goto Junichi ,

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