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Pubmed ID :16288966
Publication Date : //

Dissociation-independent selection of high-affinity anti-hapten phage antibodies using cleavable biotin-conjugated haptens.


The engineering of hapten-specific antibodies with affinity constant higher (K(a) values >10(10)M(-1)) than those of conventional antibodies promises hapten immunoassays exhibiting sub-femtomole range sensitivity, based on the conventional competitive assay principle. Here we report a simple method to select phage particles displaying anti-hapten antibody fragments with exceptionally high affinity. 11-Deoxycortisol (11-DC), selected as a model target hapten, was covalently conjugated to biotin via a spacer that included a reductively cleavable disulfide bond. Phage particles displaying high-affinity, single-chain Fv fragments (scFvs) specific for 11-DC (K(a)1.3 x 10(10)M(-1)) were incubated with the "cleavable biotin"-conjugated 11-DC, and the resulting complexes was captured on immobilized NeutrAvidin. Mild reductive conditions that did not decrease phage infectivity easily cleaved the disulfide bond, allowing the recovery of target phage particles; this process is fully independent of the dissociation of the antigen-antibody interaction. Five serial rounds of selection enabled the isolation and enrichment of the anti-11-DC phage (specific phage ratio >90%) from among a 100,000-fold excess of nonspecific phage particles. This method will be applicable for selection of extra-high-affinity phage antibodies against a wide variety of haptens.

Authors : Kobayashi Norihiro , Karibe Tsuyoshi , Goto Junichi ,

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