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Pubmed ID :19628634
Publication Date : //

Lansoprazole, a proton pump inhibitor, mediates anti-inflammatory effect in gastric mucosal cells through the induction of heme oxygenase-1 via activation of NF-E2-related factor 2 and oxidation of kelch-like ECH-associating protein 1.


Induction of heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) expression has been associated with cytoprotective and anti-inflammatory actions of lansoprazole, a proton pump inhibitor, but the underlying molecular mechanisms remain largely unresolved. In this study, we investigate the role of transcriptional NF-E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2), its phosphorylation/activation, and oxidation of Kelch-like ECH-associating protein 1 (Keap1) in lansoprazole-induced HO-1 up-regulation using cultured gastric epithelial cells (rat gastric mucosal cell line, RGM-1). HO-1 expression of RGM-1 cells was markedly enhanced in a time- and dose-dependent manner by the treatment with lansoprazole, and this up-regulation of HO-1 contributed to the inhibition of chemokine production from stimulated RGM-1 cells. Transfection of Nrf2-siRNA suppressed the lansoprazole-induced HO-1. An electrophoretic mobility shift assay showed increases in the nuclear translocation and stress-response elements (StRE) binding activity of Nrf2 proteins in RGM-1 cells treated with lansoprazole. Furthermore, in RGM-1 cells transfected with HO-1 enhancer luciferase reporter plasmid containing mutant StRE, lansoprazole-induced HO-1 reporter gene activity was diminished. Lansoprazole promoted the phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK), and lansoprazole-induced HO-1 up-regulation was suppressed by U0126, an ERK-specific inhibitor. Phosphorylated Nrf2 protein was detected in the phosphoprotein fraction purified by a Pro-Q Diamond Phosphoprotein Enrichment kit. Finally, an oxidative form of the Keap1 protein was detected in lansoprazole-treated RGM-1 cells by analyzing S-oxidized proteins using biotinylated cysteine as a molecular probe. These results indicate that lansoprazole up-regulates HO-1 expression in rat gastric epithelial cells, and the up-regulated HO-1 contributes to the anti-inflammatory effects of the drug. Phosphorylation of ERK and Nrf2, activation and nuclear translocation of Nrf2, and oxidation of Keap1 are all involved in the lansoprazole-induced HO-1 up-regulation.

Authors : Takagi Tomohisa , Naito Yuji , Okada Hitomi , Ishii Takeshi , Mizushima Katsura , Akagiri Satomi , Adachi Satoko , Handa Osamu , Kokura Satoshi , Ichikawa Hiroshi , Itoh Ken , Yamamoto Masayuki , Matsui Hirofumi , Yoshikawa Toshikazu ,

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