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Pubmed ID :21355016
Publication Date : //

Glycosylphosphatidylinositol-linked ceruloplasmin is expressed in multiple rodent organs and is lower following dietary copper deficiency.


Ceruloplasmin (Cp), a multicopper ferroxidase, is expressed as both a secreted (sCp) plasma enzyme from the liver and a membrane-bound glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored (GPI-Cp) splice variant protein. Cp is thought to be essential for iron mobilization as selective iron overload occurs in aceruloplasminemia in humans and in Cp null mice. Dietary copper-deficient (CuD) rodents have near total loss of Cp activity, severe loss of Cp protein and develop anemia. Hepatic iron augmentation is often observed, suggesting that loss of Cp function may be correlated with anemia. The impact of CuD treatment on GPI-Cp has not previously been evaluated. Our hypothesis was that CuD rodents would have lower levels of GPI-Cp and this would correlate with higher tissue iron retention. In these studies, GPI-Cp was detected in purified membranes of multiple organs of rats and mice but not Cp -/- mice. Immunoreactive Cp protein was released with phosphatidylinositol phospholipase C treatment and expressed ferroxidase activity. Following perinatal and postnatal copper restriction, GPI-Cp was markedly lower in the spleen and modestly lower in the liver of CuD rats and mice, when compared with copper-adequate (CuA) rodents. However, spleen non-heme iron (NHI) was lower in CuD than CuA rats, and not different in CuD mice. Hepatic iron was higher only in CuD mice. Spleen and liver membranes of CuD rats expressed augmented levels of ferroportin, the iron efflux transporter, which may explain lower NHI content in the spleen of CuD rats despite a greater than 50% lower level of the multicopper ferroxidase GPI-Cp. Spleen and liver levels of GPI-Cp mRNA were not impacted in CuD rats, suggesting that turnover rather than biosynthesis may explain the lower steady-state levels of GPI-Cp following dietary copper restriction. Lower GPI-Cp did not correlate with tissue iron retention and thus the role, if any, of Cp in anemia of copper deficiency is unknown.

Authors : Mostad Elise J , Prohaska Joseph R ,

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