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Pubmed ID :21444088
Publication Date : //

Isolation of phosphopeptides using zirconium-chlorophosphonazo chelate-modified silica nanoparticles.


Due to the low abundance of phosphoproteins and substoichiometry of phosphorylation, the elucidation of protein phosphorylation requires highly specific materials for isolation of phosphopeptides from biological samples prior to mass spectrometric analysis. In this study, chlorophosphonazo type derivatives of chromotropic acid including p-hydroxychlorophosphonazo (HCPA) and chlorophosphonazo I (CPA I), traditionally used in the photometric determination of transition metal ions, have been employed as chelating ligands in the preparation of novel affinity materials for phosphopeptide enrichment. The chromogenic reagents of HCPA and CPA I were chemically modified on the surface of silica nanoparticles, and the functionalized materials were charged with zirconium ions through the strong complexation between chelating ligands and Zr(4+). The obtained zirconium-chlorophosphonazo chelate-modified silica nanoparticles (Zr-HCPA-SNPs and Zr-CPA I-SNPs) were applied to the selective enrichment of phosphopeptides, followed by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) analysis. The purification procedures were optimized using α-casein digest at first, and then the performance of these two affinity materials for efficient and specific enrichment of phosphopeptides was evaluated with the tryptic digests of standard proteins (α-casein, β-casein, ovalbumin and bovine serum albumin). It is found that Zr-HCPA-SNPs are superior to Zr-CPA I-SNPs in phosphopeptide enrichment. Using Zr-HCPA-SNPs to trap phosphopeptides in α-casein digest, the detection limit was close to 50fmol based on MALDI-TOF MS analysis. Finally, Zr-HCPA-SNPs were used to directly isolate phosphopeptides from diluted human serum of healthy, diabetes and hypertension persons, respectively. Our results show that the constitution and level of phosphopeptides are remarkably different among the three groups, which indicate the powerful potentials of Zr-HCPA-SNPs in disease diagnosis and biomarker screening.

Authors : Zhao Pei-Xuan , Zhao Yong , Guo Xiao-Feng , Wang Hong , Zhang Hua-Shan ,

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