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Pubmed ID :27847223
Publication Date : //

Indirect immunoassay on functionalized silicon surface: Molecular arrangement, composition and orientation examined step-by-step with multi-technique and multivariate analysis.


The arrangement, composition and orientation of immunoreagents employed in an indirect immunoassay for determination of mycotoxin OchraToxin A (OTA) are specified for SiN substrate, aiming to imitate biosensor transducers made of the same material. SiN surfaces are examined after modification with (3-aminopropyl)triethoxysilane, spotting with OTA-ovalbumin conjugate (probe), blocking with bovine serum albumin, reaction with a mouse monoclonal antibody against OTA and, finally, reaction with a goat anti-mouse secondary antibody. Atomic force micrographs, their autocorrelation and height histogram parameters, show the stepwise development of a multi-component monolayer covered by groups of secondary antibody molecules. Time-Of-Flight Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry reveals the composition of probe and blocking protein, as well as their partial desorption during the primary immunoreaction. Ellipsometry provides surface amount of all proteins, increasing step-by-step from 0.7 to 6.9mg/m. In addition, ellipsometry combined with TOF-SIMS reveals the mass loadings of different molecules in the intermediate and the final overlayer. Based on this, some orientations of the immobilized molecules are proposed and a molar ratio of ∼2.5 for secondary to primary antibody is calculated. The orientations of the primary and secondary antibody are further clarified by Principal Component Analysis of TOF-SIMS data, through which a side-on and a head-on orientation is deduced for the primary and the secondary antibody, respectively. These findings demonstrate how the combination of multiple surface analysis techniques can provide insight on the arrangement, composition and orientation of biomolecules in the course of multi-step procedures employed in biosensors.

Authors : Gajos Katarzyna , Budkowski Andrzej , Pagkali Varvara , Petrou Panagiota , Biernat Monika , Awsiuk Kamil , Rysz Jakub , Bernasik Andrzej , Misiakos Konstantinos , Raptis Ioannis , Kakabakos Sotirios ,

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