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Pubmed ID :28726190
Publication Date : //

Effect of Peripheral μ-, δ-, and κ-Opioid Ligands on the Development of Tolerance to Ethanol-Induced Analgesia.


We studied the rate of development of tolerance to the ethanol-induced analgesia under the effect of μ-, δ-, and κ-opioid agonists and antagonists not crossing the blood-brain barrier and rapidly inactivated by gastric and duodenal proteolytic enzymes. Activation of gastric κ-opioid receptors eliminated the analgesic effect of ethanol and accelerated the development of tolerance to ethanol-induced analgesia. In contrast, activation of gastric μ-opioid receptors decelerated the development of this tolerance. Activation of gastric δ-opioid receptors produced no effect on examined tolerance. μ-Opioid receptor antagonist decelerated and δ-opioid receptor antagonist accelerated the development of tolerance to ethanol-induced analgesia. Thus, the state of gastric opioid receptors affects the manifestation of ethanol-induced analgesia and the development of tolerance to this effect.

Authors : Sudakov S K , Alekseeva E V , Nazarova G A ,

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