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Pubmed ID :28871443
Publication Date : //

MMP-7 cleaves amyloid β fragment peptides and copper ion inhibits the degradation.


The extracellular deposition of amyloid β (Aβ) is known to be the fundamental cause of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Aβ1-42, generated by β-secretases from the amyloid precursor protein (APP), is the main component of neuritic plaque, and the aggregation of this protein is shown to be dependent to an extent on metal ions such as copper and zinc. However, the mechanism by which Cu affects the physicochemical properties of Aβ1-42 or the central nervous system is still under debate. A recent series of studies have demonstrated that both the soluble-type matrix metalloproteinases (MMP-2 and MMP-9) and the membrane-type matrix metalloproteinase (MT1-MMP) are capable of degrading Aβ peptides. MMP-7, one of the soluble-type matrix metalloproteinases, is expressed in hippocampal tissue; however, less information is available concerning the pathophysiological roles of this enzyme in the process and/or progress of Alzheimer's disease. In this study, we examined the degradation activity of MMP-7 against various Aβ1-42's fragment peptides and the effect of Cu. Although Aβ22-40 was degraded by MMP-7 regardless of Cu, Cu inhibited the degradation of Aβ1-19, Aβ11-20, and Aβ11-29 by MMP-7. These results indicate that MMP-7 is capable of degrading Aβ1-42, and that Aβ1-42 acquired resistance against MMP-7 cleavage through Cu-binding and structure changes. Our results demonstrate that MMP-7 may play an important role in the defensive mechanism against the aggregation of Aβ1-42, which gives rise to the pathology of AD.

Authors : Taniguchi Masanari , Matsuura Kazuki , Nakamura Rina , Kojima Aya , Konishi Motomi , Akizawa Toshifumi ,

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