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Pubmed ID :29032334
Publication Date : 2017/10/16

Anti-hypersensitivity effects of the phthalimide derivative N-(4methyl-phenyl)-4-methylphthalimide in different pain models in mice.


The treatment of chronic pain remains a challenge for clinicians worldwide, independent of its pathogenesis. It motivates several studies attempting to discover strategies to treat the disease. The in silico analysis using molecular docking approach demonstrated that the phthalimide N-(4methyl-phenyl)-4-methylphthalimide (MPMPH-1) presented high affinity to adenylyl-cyclase enzyme (AC). It also prominently reduced the mechanical hypersensitivity of mice challenged by Forskolin, an AC activator. This effect lasted for up to 48h after Forskolin injection, presenting activity longer than MDL-12330A (AC inhibitor). MPMPH-1 was also effective in reducing the hypersensitivity induced by IL-1β, bradykinin, prostaglandin E2 or epinephrine, chemical mediators that have, among others, AC as pivotal protein in their signalling cascade to induce mechanical-pain behaviour. The compound presented marked inhibition in inflammatory-pain models induced by carrageenan, lipopolysaccharide or complete Freund's adjuvant, including neutrophil migration inhibition. Furthermore, it also seems to act in both peripheral and pain central-control pathways, being also effective in reducing the persistent cancer-pain behaviour induced by melanoma cells in mice. MPMPH-1 could represent a promising pharmacological tool to treat acute and chronic painful diseases, with good bioavailability, local activity, and lack of locomotor-activity interference. Further studies are necessary to determine the exact mechanism of action but it seems to involve AC enzyme as possible target.

Authors : da Silva Gislaine Francieli , Dos Anjos Mariana Ferreira , Rocha Lilian Wunsch , Ferreira Luiz Felipe Gomes Rebello , Stiz Dorimar Serafim , Corrêa Rogério , Santin Jose Roberto , Cechinel Filho Valdir , Hernandes Marcelo Zaldini , Quintão Nara Lins Meira ,

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