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Pubmed ID :29451981
Publication Date : //

High Performance Anion Exchange and Hydrophilic Interaction Liquid Chromatography Approaches for Comprehensive Mass Spectrometry-Based Characterization of the N-Glycome of a Recombinant Human Erythropoietin.


Comprehensive characterization of the N-glycome of a therapeutic is challenging because glycans may harbor numerous modifications (e.g., phosphorylation, sulfation, sialic acids with possible O-acetylation). The current report presents a comparison of two chromatographic platforms for the comprehensive characterization of a recombinant human erythropoietin (rhEPO) N-glycome. The two platforms include a common workflow based on 2-AB-derivatization and hydrophilic interaction chromatography (HILIC) and a native N-linked glycan workflow employing high performance anion exchange (HPAE) chromatography. Both platforms were coupled to an Orbitrap mass spectrometer, and data dependent HCD fragmentation allowed confident structural elucidation of the glycans. Each platform identified glycans not revealed by the other, and both exhibited strengths and weaknesses. The reductive amination based HILIC workflow provided better throughput and sensitivity, had good isomer resolution, and revealed the presence of O-acetylated sialic acids. However, it exhibited poor performance toward phosphorylated glycans and did not reveal the presence of sulfated glycans. Furthermore, reductive amination introduced dehydration artifacts and modified the glycosylation profile in the rhEPO glycome. Conversely, HPAE provided unbiased charge classification (sialylation levels), improved isomer resolution, and revealed multiple phosphorylated and sulfated structures, but delivered lower throughput, had artifact peaks due to epimer formation, and loss of sialic acid O-acetylation. The MS based identification of phosphorylated and sulfated glycans was not possible in HILIC mode due to their poor solubility caused by the high acetonitrile concentrations employed at the beginning of the gradient. After analyzing the glycome by both approaches and determining the glycans present, a glycan library was created for site specific glycopeptide analyses. Glycopeptide analyses confirmed all the compositions annotated by the combined use of 2-AB- and native glycan workflows and provided site specific location of the glycans. These two platforms were complementary and in combination delivered a more thorough and comprehensive characterization of the rhEPO N-glycome, supporting regulatory conformance for the pharmaceutical industry.

Authors : Szabo Zoltan , Thayer James R , Reusch Dietmar , Agroskin Yury , Viner Rosa , Rohrer Jeff , Patil Sachin P , Krawitzky Michael , Huhmer Andreas , Avdalovic Nebojsa , Khan Shaheer H , Liu Yan , Pohl Christopher ,

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