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Pubmed ID :29635132
Publication Date : //

Bombesin attenuated ischemia-induced spatial cognitive and synaptic plasticity impairment associated with oxidative damage.


The dysfunction of spatial cognition is a character to various neurological disorders and therapeutic strategy. However, it is limited to known risk factors clinically so far. Gastrin releasing peptide (GRP) signaling is a neuropeptide system mediating emotional memory events. However, the effects of GRP agonist on spatial cognition and hippocampal synaptic plasticity are rarely investigated, especially in pathologic condition. This study was designed to investigate the long-term effects of GRPR agonist, bombesin, against cognitive impairment induced by chronic cerebral ischemia in rats and its possible mechanisms. Our results revealed that bombesin administration (30 μg/kg/day, for 14 continuous days) significantly protected the cognitive and synaptic plasticity impairments as assessed by the Morris water maze and long-term potentiation tests. The mechanism studies demonstrated that bombesin significantly alleviated the decreased activity of total superoxide dismutase (T-SOD), catalase (CAT) and altered the increased the content of malondialdehyde (MDA). Besides, the decreased expression of synapse plasticity-related proteins, calcium- calmodulin- dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII) and synaptophysin (SYP) in the hippocampus were increased with drug treatment. In conclusion, bombesin could protect the oxidative stress and expression of proteins, which were important for synaptic plasticity and cognitive function impairment induced by chronic cerebral ischemia. Our study is presented to provide novel insights into the effects of bombesin on spatial learning and memory, which should be further explored as a potential drug in disorders involving deficits in cognitive function.

Authors : Yao Yang , Wang Faqi , Yang Xuening , Zang Dawei , Yang Jiajia , Wang Zhiyun ,

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