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Pubmed ID :29665181
Publication Date : //

MiR-193a-3p functions as a tumour suppressor in human aldosterone-producing adrenocortical adenoma by down-regulating CYP11B2.


The mechanism of aldosterone-producing adrenocortical adenoma (APA) pathogenesis and the role of microRNAs (miRNAs) in APA pathogenesis have not been completely clarified. We examined the expression and function of miR-140-3p, miR-193a-3p and miR-22-3p, which have binding sites in CYP11B2. Expression of miRNAs and CYP11B2 mRNA was measured by quantitative reverse transcription PCR (qRT-PCR). Cell proliferation was monitored by colorimetric analysis, and cell apoptosis and cell cycle progression were analysed by flow cytometry. ELISA was carried out to detect aldosterone levels in cell culture supernatants. Luciferase reporter assays, qRT-PCR and Western blotting were performed to identify CYP11B2 as a target of miR-193a-3p. Of the three miRNAs examined, miR-193a-3p exhibited a significant decrease and CYP11B2 mRNA exhibited a significant increase in expression in APA compared with adjacent normal adrenal gland tissue. Transfection of miR-193a-3p mimic into the human adrenocortical cell line H295R showed that elevated miR-193a-3p expression inhibits proliferation and aldosterone secretion, induces G1-phase arrest and promotes apoptosis in H295R cells. Furthermore, in luciferase reporter assays, overexpression of miR-193a-3p in H295R cells significantly reduced the luciferase activity of the wild-type CYP11B2 3'-UTR construct, which could be reversed by mutation of the miR-193a-3p-binding site. Moreover, miR-193a-3p overexpression downregulated CYP11B2 mRNA and protein expression. Finally, overexpression of CYP11B2 diminished the effects of miR-193a-3p on H295R cells. Taken together, our results suggest that CYP11B2 levels may be modulated by miR-193a-3p in APA, which could explain, at least partially, why downregulation of miR-193a-3p during APA formation may promote cell growth and suppress apoptosis.

Authors : Zhang Guoxi , Zou Xiaofeng , Liu Quanliang , Xie Tianpeng , Huang Ruohui , Kang Huan , Lai Changfu , Zhu Jiaxing ,

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