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Pubmed ID :29726117
Publication Date : //

A liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry method for the determination of cocaine and metabolites in blood and in dried blood spots collected from postmortem samples and evaluation of the stability over a 3-month period.


The aims of this study were (1) to identify and quantify cocaine (COC), benzoylecgonine (BE), ecgonine methyl ester (EME), and cocaethylene (CE) in DBS; (2) to compare dried blood spots (DBSs) analytical results with the routine blood analyses; (3) to monitor analytes stability on DBS within a 3-month period. Eighty-five μL of blood from postmortem cases were put on a card for DBS analysis and kept in the dark, at room temperature. Samples were extracted through solid-phase extraction (SPE) cartridges and injected in the liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) system. The analytical procedure is simple, sensitive, and specific. Limits of detection (LODs) and quantification (LOQs) were calculated at 1.0 and 5.0 ng/mL(g) for COC and CE, and at 0.5 and 2 ng/mL for EME and BE, respectively. Validation parameters fulfilled all the acceptance criteria. Fifty-five postmortem cases were evaluated. Eighteen cases were positive for COC (44-2456 ng/mL) and BE (228-4700 ng/mL), 12 for EME (92-1500 ng/mL), and 11 cases for CE (11-273 ng/mL). Stability was evaluated on 8 cases collected in the period January 2017-January 2018. For each case, 5 DBSs were collected at T0. Four DBSs were analyzed within the 4 following weeks and 1 sample was analyzed after 3 months. The concentrations on DBSs, stored at room temperature, always matched the ones obtained on blood samples kept at -20°C (<20% variation, both at T0 and after 3 months). BE and COC concentrations remained stable after a 3-month storage, EME concentrations slightly increased after 3 weeks in the 2 analyzed samples, while CE provided a less homogeneous stability depending on the sample.

Authors : Moretti Matteo , Visonà Silvia Damiana , Freni Francesca , Tomaciello Ilaria , Vignali Claudia , Groppi Angelo , Tajana Luca , Osculati Antonio Marco Maria , Morini Luca ,

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