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Pubmed ID :29762761
Publication Date : //

Burden of acute kidney injury in HIV patients under deoxycholate amphotericin B therapy for cryptococcal meningitis and cost-minimization analysis of amphotericin B lipid complex.

Deoxycholate amphotericin B (d-AMB) has a higher rate of acute kidney injury (AKI) in comparison of lipid formulations. However, lipid amphotericin B has high costs in developing countries. The aim of this study is to assemble a model of cost-minimization of amphotericin B lipid complex (ABLC) in patients with cryptococcal meningitis. This is a retrospective study done in a cohort of patients with cryptococcal meningitis to study the economic impact of its use in developing countries. Cost analysis were based on direct cost of different antifungal therapies, chronic dialysis after discharge, and survival of patients based on a retrospective cohort of 102 patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus with confirmed diagnosis of cryptococcal meningitis. From 102 patients treated with d-AMB, 60.78% developed any grade of AKI and 10.78% developed AKI demanding hemodialysis. The percentage of patients with meningeal cryptococcosis treated with d-AMB that requeired chronic HD was 2.39%. The same model was performed for patient that would be treated with ABLC, which resulted in 0.20% of patients demanding chronic HD due to its lower nephrotoxicity. When the model is applied in 100 patients, the total costs with d-AMB would be US$ 184,543 and with ABLC would be US$ 1,640,109 in 5 years. Treatment with ABLC would be cost saving in comparison to d-AMB treatment, if early switch of treatment occurred in patients presenting AKI. The change should be as soon as possible to avoid further complication, like dialysis, which is associated with a lower life expectancy.

Authors : Tuon Felipe Francisco , Florencio Khaiany Lino , Rocha Jaime L ,

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