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Pubmed ID :29869001
Publication Date : //

A novel electrochemical immunosensor based on Au nanoparticles and horseradish peroxidase signal amplification for ultrasensitive detection of α-fetoprotein.


An electrochemical double-layer Au nanoparticle membrane immunosensor was developed using an electrochemical biosensing signal amplification system with Au nanoparticles, thionine, chitosan, and horseradish peroxidase, which was fabricated using double self-adsorption of Au nanoparticle sol followed by anti-α-fetoprotein Balb/c mouse monoclonal antibody adsorption. The AuNPs sol was characterized by spectrum scanning and transmission electron microscopy. The immunosensor was characterized by atomic force microscopy, cyclic voltammetry, and alternating-current impedance during each stage of adsorption and assembly. The amperometric I-t curve method was used to measure α-fetoprotein (AFP) diluted in phosphate buffered saline. The result indicated a wide linear range, and the change rate of steady-current before and after immune response had linear correlation within the range 0.1-10 pg/mL AFP. The current change rate equation was △I = 5.82334 lgC + 37.01195 (R = 0.9922). The lowest limit of detection was 0.03 pg/mL (S/N = 3), and the reproducibility of the sensor was good. Additionally, the sensor could be stably stored above phosphate buffered saline at 4 °C for more than 24 days. More importantly, the sensor is label-free, reagentless and low fouling, making it capable of assaying AFP in real serum samples without suffering from significant interference or biofouling.

Authors : Lu Dingqiang , Xu Qiuda , Pang Guangchang , Lu Fuping ,

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