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Pubmed ID :29909460
Publication Date : //

Modulation of brain ACE and ACE2 may be a promising protective strategy against cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury: an experimental trial in rats.


The brain renin-angiotensin system (RAS) is considered a crucial regulator for physiological homeostasis and disease progression. We evaluated the protective effects of the angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB) telmisartan and the angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) activator xanthenone on experimental cerebral ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. Rats were divided into a sham control, a cerebral I/R control, a standard treatment (nimodipine, 10 mg/kg/day, 15 days, p.o.), three telmisartan treatments (1, 3, and 10 mg/kg/day, 15 days, p.o.), and three xanthenone treatments (0.5, 1, and 2 mg/kg/day, 15 days, s.c.) groups. One hour after the last dose, all rats except the sham control group were exposed to 30-min cerebral ischemia followed by 24-h reperfusion. Brain ACE and ACE2 activities and the apoptotic marker caspase-3 levels were assessed. Glutathione (GSH), malondialdehyde (MDA), and nitric oxide end products (NOx) as oxidative markers and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and IL-10 as immunological markers were assessed. Histopathological examination and immunohistochemical evaluation of glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) were performed in cerebral cortex and hippocampus sections. Telmisartan and xanthenone in the higher doses restored MDA, NOx, TNF-α, IL-6, caspase-3, ACE, and GFAP back to normal levels and significantly increased GSH, IL-10, and ACE2 compared to I/R control values. Histopathologically, both agents showed mild degenerative changes and necrosis of neurons in cerebral cortex and hippocampus compared with I/R control group. Modulation of brain RAS, either through suppression of the classic ACE pathway or stimulation of its antagonist pathway ACE2, may be a promising strategy against cerebral I/R damage.

Authors : Abdel-Fattah Maha Mohammed , Messiha Basim Anwar Shehata , Mansour Ahmed Mohamed ,

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