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Pubmed ID :29909543
Publication Date : //

Sensitive vs. tolerant Nitzschia palea (Kützing) W. Smith strains to atrazine: a biochemical perspective.


Organic contaminants, and herbicides in particular, represent a risk for aquatic ecosystems. The primary target of herbicides are producers, the base of food webs, but frequently they end up far from the application point affecting non-target species. Its presence can work as sub-lethal stimulus, which sort the genetic and phenotypic differences within a species. Intraspecific variation allows adaptation to changes in the environment but also to new niches due to variations in species' sensitivity and biochemical response to a certain chemical. A better understanding of these variations can lead to the development of improved strategies for ecosystem protection. This research aimed to compare a sensitive and a tolerant strain of the freshwater diatom Nitzschia palea to atrazine. Strains were exposed to three concentrations within their tolerance range, during 96 h. The activity of the antioxidant enzymes superoxide dismutase, catalase, glutathione-S-transferases and glutathione peroxidases was determined. In addition, chlorophylls a and c, carotenoids, reduced glutathione, proteins and lipid peroxidation were quantified. Both strains displayed different strategies to deal with atrazine toxicity: while the sensitive strain decreased the oxidative stress, increasing the activity of antioxidant enzymes such as superoxide dismutase, the tolerant strain invested in conjugation pathways and carotenoids' maintenance.

Authors : Esteves S M , Almeida S F P , Gonçalves S , Rimet F , Bouchez A , Figueira E ,

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