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Pubmed ID :9875388
Publication Date : //

Colorimetric assays for evaluation of the mode of action of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors.


Four non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase (RT) inhibitors, 9-CI-TIBO [(+)-S-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-9- chloro-5-methyl-6-(3-methyl-2-butenyl)imidazo(4,5,1-jk)(1,4)- benzodiazepin-2(1H)-thione)], nevirapine (6,11-dihydro-11-cyclopropyl-4-methyl-dipyrido[2,3-b:2',3'-e]-[1,4]di azepin- 6-one), MSA-300 (N-[cis-2-(2-hydroxy-3-acetyl-6-methoxy-phenyl)-cyclopropyl]-N'- (5-chloropyrid-2-yl)-thiourea) and delavirdine ¿1-(5-methanesulphonamido-1H-indol-2-yl-carbonyl)-4-[3- (1-methylethylamino)pyridinyl]piperazine¿ were analysed for the mode of action of their inhibition of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) RT in three different assays utilizing a 96-well microtitre plate format, with solid-phase conjugated poly(rA) as template. These were: (i) direct RT assay, for determination of IC50 values of RT inhibitors; (ii) RT template/primer binding inhibition (BIC) assay, for measuring the effect of various substances on the RT activity binding to template/primer; (iii) RT protein ELISA, for measuring RT protein binding to template/primer with a monoclonal antibody reactive against a peptide in the RNase H region. MSA-300 and delavirdine gave the lowest IC50 values, ranging from 0.17 microM to 0.24 microM for MSA-300 and from 0.12 microM to 0.38 microM for delavirdine, whereas higher IC50 values of approximately 20 microM were obtained for 9-CI-TIBO at all primer concentrations. None of the non-nucleoside substances had inhibiting effects on the binding of template, primer, or template/primer to RT protein. Their inhibition of RT activity was not due to prevention of RT binding to template/primer. TIBO, nevirapine and delavirdine bound to RT reversibly, and they bound more tightly to RT template/primer ternary than to RT template binary complex. MSA-300 showed a comparatively high affinity for the enzyme. The utility of the three assays in relation to screening and analysis of RT inhibitory substances is discussed.

Authors : Shao X , Rytting A S , Ekstrand D H , Vrang L , Källander C F , Gronowitz J S ,

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