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Analysis of gene expression during maturation of immature dendritic cells derived from peripheral blood monocytes.
Dendritic cells (DCs) are the most important antigen-presenting cells. Many recent studies have compared the function of immature DCs (iDCs) and mature DCs (mDCs), but there have been few reports of the molecular changes that occur in DCs during maturation. Here, we report on differential gene expression in iDCs generated from peripheral blood monocytes compared with mDCs. Gene expression was evaluated using the differential display method after activation of iDCs with a low concentration of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) to induce maturation. Proteasome subunit alpha type 3 (PSMA3), transcription factor EC (TFEC) isoform and BTK region clone 2f10-rpi were transiently upregulated. Tryptophanyl-tRNA synthetase and CD63 antigen were upregulated for at least 24 h. Neuronal apoptosis inhibitory protein (NAIP) and transforming growth factor-beta-induced 68 kDa protein were downregulated. This is the first report of NAIP expression in human DCs. By comparing the expression of NAIP with that of other members of the inhibitor of apoptosis protein (IAP) family and the Bcl-2 family, only NAIP was found to be strongly expressed in iDCs before stimulation by LPS. PSMA3 was also induced in the DCs stimulated with immune complex. These findings might contribute to our understanding of DC maturation and the effectiveness of DC-based vaccines.
Authors : Matsunaga T , Ishida T , Takekawa M , Nishimura S , Adachi M , Imai K ,
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