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Yeast wall protein 1 (Ywp1, also called Pga24) of Candida albicans is predicted to be a 533 aa polypeptide with an N-terminal secretion signal, a C-terminal glycosylphosphatidylinositol anchor signal and a central region rich in serine and threonine. In yeast cultures, Ywp1p appeared to be linked covalently to glucans of the wall matrix, but, as cultures approached stationary phase, Ywp1p accumulated in the medium and was extractable from cells with disulfide-reducing agents. An 11 kDa propeptide of Ywp1p was also present in these soluble fractions; it possessed the sole N-glycan of Ywp1p and served as a useful marker for Ywp1p. DNA vaccines encoding all or part of Ywp1p generated analytically useful antisera in mice, but did not increase survival times for disseminated candidiasis. Replacement of the coding sequence of YWP1 with the fluorescent reporter GFP revealed that expression of YWP1 is greatest during yeast exponential-phase growth, but downregulated in stationary phase and upon filamentation. Expression was upregulated when the extracellular phosphate concentration was low. Disruption by homologous recombination of both YWP1 alleles resulted in no obvious change in growth, morphology or virulence, but the Ywp1p-deficient blastoconidia exhibited increased adhesiveness and biofilm formation, suggesting that Ywp1p may promote dispersal of yeast forms of C. albicans.
Authors : Granger Bruce L , Flenniken Michelle L , Davis Dana A , Mitchell Aaron P , Cutler Jim E ,
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WP1049: G Protein Signaling Pathways
WP1165: G Protein Signaling Pathways
WP1371: G Protein Signaling Pathways
WP1438: Influenza A virus infection
WP1493: Carbon assimilation C4 pathway
WP1502: Mitochondrial biogenesis
WP1531: Vitamin D synthesis
WP1566: Citrate cycle (TCA cycle)
WP1613: 1,4-Dichlorobenzene degradation
WP1616: ABC transporters
WP1624: Bacterial secretion system
WP1625: Base excision repair
WP1644: DNA replication
WP1650: Fluorobenzoate degradation
WP1654: gamma-Hexachlorocyclohexane degradation
WP1657: Glycerolipid metabolism
WP1659: Glycine, serine and threonine metabolism
WP1661: Glyoxylate and dicarboxylate metabolism
WP1663: Homologous recombination
WP1665: Limonene and pinene degradation
WP1672: Mismatch repair
WP1673: Naphthalene and anthracene degradation
WP1675: Nitrogen metabolism
WP1676: Non-homologous end-joining
WP1678: Nucleotide excision repair
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