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Pubmed ID :10617198
Publication Date : //

Sequence and analysis of chromosome 4 of the plant Arabidopsis thaliana.


The higher plant Arabidopsis thaliana (Arabidopsis) is an important model for identifying plant genes and determining their function. To assist biological investigations and to define chromosome structure, a coordinated effort to sequence the Arabidopsis genome was initiated in late 1996. Here we report one of the first milestones of this project, the sequence of chromosome 4. Analysis of 17.38 megabases of unique sequence, representing about 17% of the genome, reveals 3,744 protein coding genes, 81 transfer RNAs and numerous repeat elements. Heterochromatic regions surrounding the putative centromere, which has not yet been completely sequenced, are characterized by an increased frequency of a variety of repeats, new repeats, reduced recombination, lowered gene density and lowered gene expression. Roughly 60% of the predicted protein-coding genes have been functionally characterized on the basis of their homology to known genes. Many genes encode predicted proteins that are homologous to human and Caenorhabditis elegans proteins.

Authors : Mayer K , Schüller C , Wambutt R , Murphy G , Volckaert G , Pohl T , Düsterhöft A , Stiekema W , Entian K D , Terryn N , Harris B , Ansorge W , Brandt P , Grivell L , Rieger M , Weichselgartner M , de Simone V , Obermaier B , Mache R , Müller M , Kreis M , Delseny M , Puigdomenech P , Watson M , Schmidtheini T , Reichert B , Portatelle D , Perez-Alonso M , Boutry M , Bancroft I , Vos P , Hoheisel J , Zimmermann W , Wedler H , Ridley P , Langham S A , McCullagh B , Bilham L , Robben J , Van der Schueren J , Grymonprez B , Chuang Y J , Vandenbussche F , Braeken M , Weltjens I , Voet M , Bastiaens I , Aert R , Defoor E , Weitzenegger T , Bothe G , Ramsperger U , Hilbert H , Braun M , Holzer E , Brandt A , Peters S , van Staveren M , Dirske W , Mooijman P , Klein Lankhorst R , Rose M , Hauf J , Kötter P , Berneiser S , Hempel S , Feldpausch M , Lamberth S , Van den Daele H , De Keyser A , Buysshaert C , Gielen J , Villarroel R , De Clercq R , Van Montagu M , Rogers J , Cronin A , Quail M , Bray-Allen S , Clark L , Doggett J , Hall S , Kay M , Lennard N , McLay K , Mayes R , Pettett A , Rajandream M A , Lyne M , Benes V , Rechmann S , Borkova D , Blöcker H , Scharfe M , Grimm M , Löhnert T H , Dose S , de Haan M , Maarse A , Schäfer M , Müller-Auer S , Gabel C , Fuchs M , Fartmann B , Granderath K , Dauner D , Herzl A , Neumann S , Argiriou A , Vitale D , Liguori R , Piravandi E , Massenet O , Quigley F , Clabauld G , Mündlein A , Felber R , Schnabl S , Hiller R , Schmidt W , Lecharny A , Aubourg S , Chefdor F , Cooke R , Berger C , Montfort A , Casacuberta E , Gibbons T , Weber N , Vandenbol M , Bargues M , Terol J , Torres A , Perez-Perez A , Purnelle B , Bent E , Johnson S , Tacon D , Jesse T , Heijnen L , Schwarz S , Scholler P , Heber S , Francs P , Bielke C , Frishman D , Haase D , Lemcke K , Mewes H W , Stocker S , Zaccaria P , Bevan M , Wilson R K , de la Bastide M , Habermann K , Parnell L , Dedhia N , Gnoj L , Schutz K , Huang E , Spiegel L , Sehkon M , Murray J , Sheet P , Cordes M , Abu-Threideh J , Stoneking T , Kalicki J , Graves T , Harmon G , Edwards J , Latreille P , Courtney L , Cloud J , Abbott A , Scott K , Johnson D , Minx P , Bentley D , Fulton B , Miller N , Greco T , Kemp K , Kramer J , Fulton L , Mardis E , Dante M , Pepin K , Hillier L , Nelson J , Spieth J , Ryan E , Andrews S , Geisel C , Layman D , Du H , Ali J , Berghoff A , Jones K , Drone K , Cotton M , Joshu C , Antonoiu B , Zidanic M , Strong C , Sun H , Lamar B , Yordan C , Ma P , Zhong J , Preston R , Vil D , Shekher M , Matero A , Shah R , Swaby I K , O'Shaughnessy A , Rodriguez M , Hoffmann J , Till S , Granat S , Shohdy N , Hasegawa A , Hameed A , Lodhi M , Johnson A , Chen E , Marra M , Martienssen R , McCombie W R ,

Related products :

Catalog number Product name Quantity
AS10 931 Antibody: AtPCaP1 | Arabidopsis thaliana plasma membrane cation-binding protein-1, Immunogen: KLH-conjugated peptide derived from Arabidopsis thaliana PCaP1 sequence Q96262, Host: rabbit, polyclonal, 100
AS01 010 Antibody: Lhcb6 | CP24 chlorphyll a_b-binding protein of plant PSII, Immunogen: BSA-conjugated synthetic peptide derived from Arabidopsis thaliana Lhcb6 (At1g15820) protein sequence. This sequence is 200
AS07 205 Antibody: AtFtsH4 | plant fts metallo-protease H4, Immunogen: KLH-conjugated peptide derived from sequence of Arabidopsis thaliana FtsH4 O80983, Host: rabbit, polyclonal, Confirmed reactivity: Arabido 200
AS05 094A Antibody: FtsH6 | plant fts metallo-protease H6, Immunogen: KLH-conjugated peptide chosen from AtFtsH6 protein sequence of Arabidopsis thaliana Q1PDW5, Host: rabbit, polyclonal, Confirmed reactivity: 2x100
AS07 251 Antibody: FtsH10 | plant fts metallo-protease H10, Immunogen: KLH-conjugated peptide located near C-terminus chosen from sequence of Arabidopsis thaliana FtsH10 Q8VZI8, Host: rabbit, polyclonal, Confi 200
AS06 130 Antibody: FtsH9 | plant fts metallo-protease H9, Immunogen: KLH-conjugated synthetic peptide derived from Arabidopsis thaliana FtsH9 protein sequence Q9FIM2, Host: rabbit, polyclonal, Confirmed reacti 2x200
GWB-ECFF87 Arabidopsis thaliana Plant Lysate
AS08 289 Antibody: ZEP | Zeaxanthin Epoxidase, Immunogen: KLH-conjugated synthetic peptide derived from ZEP sequence of Arabidopsis thaliana Q9FGC7, Host: rabbit, polyclonal, Confirmed reactivity: Arabidopsis 200
AS07 258 Antibody: LOX-C | chloroplastic lipoxygenase, Immunogen: recombinant Arabidopsis thaliana protein, loop (aa 257-450) P38418, Host: rabbit, polyclonal, Confirmed reactivity: Arabidopsis thaliana 100
AS09 477 Antibody: S14 | 40S ribosomal protein S14-1, Immunogen: KLH-conjugated synthetic peptide derived from Arabidopsis thaliana Q9SIH0, Host: rabbit, polyclonal, Confirmed reactivity: Arabidopsis thaliana 100
AS09 476 Antibody: AtArf2 | ADP ribosylation factor 2, Immunogen: synthetic peptide derived from Arabidopsis thaliana Q9SRC3, Host: rabbit, polyclonal, Confirmed reactivity: Arabidopsis thaliana 100
AS11 1783 Antibody: Acd1 | accelerated cell death 1 , Immunogen: recombinant PaO from Arabidopsis thaliana Q9FYC2, Host: rabbit, polyclonal, Confirmed reactivity: Arabidopsis thaliana 100
AS09 515 Antibody: KC1 | potassium channel KAT3 , Immunogen: KLH-conjugated peptide derived from Arabidopsis thaliana KC1 protein P92960, Host: rabbit, polyclonal, Confirmed reactivity: Arabidopsis thaliana 200
AS09 474 Antibody: AtMTP4 | metal tolerance protein B, Immunogen: synthetic peptide derived from Arabidopsis thaliana Q9SRC3, Host: rabbit, polyclonal, Confirmed reactivity: Arabidopsis thaliana 100
AS10 674 Antibody: Ferritin (plant), Immunogen: KLH-conjugated synthetic peptide derived from known plant ferritin sequences including Arabidopsis thaliana Q39101, Host: rabbit, polyclonal, Confirmed reactivit 200
AS09 475 Antibody: Ligand-gated ion channel 1.3, Immunogen: KLH-conjugated synthetic peptide derived from Arabidopsis thaliana Q9FH75, Host: rabbit, polyclonal, Confirmed reactivity: Arabidopsis thaliana, Raph 100
AS10 651 Antibody: Enolase, Immunogen: recombinant Arabidopsis thaliana enolase At2g36530, Host: rabbit, polyclonal, Confirmed reactivity: Arabidopsis thaliana 200
AS10 673 Antibody: AGO9 | argonaute 9, Immunogen: KLH-conjugated synthetic peptide derived from Arabidopsis thaliana AGO9 protein sequence Q84YI4, Host: rabbit, polyclonal, Confirmed reactivity: Arabidopsis th 100
AS09 617 Antibody: AGO4 | argonaute 4, Immunogen: KLH-conjugated synthetic peptide chosen from Arabidopsis thaliana AGO4 sequence Q9ZVD5 At2g27040, Host: rabbit, polyclonal, Confirmed reactivity: Arabidopsis t 100
AS10 671 Antibody: AGO5 | argonaute 5, Immunogen: peptide of Arabidopsis thaliana AGO5 Q9SJK3, AT2G27880, Host: rabbit, polyclonal, Confirmed reactivity: Arabidopsis thaliana 200
AS10 937 Antibody: CPLD11 , Immunogen: overexpressed fragment of recombinant Arabidopsis thaliana CPLD11 NP_566650, Host: rabbit, polyclonal, Confirmed reactivity: Arabidopsis thaliana 200
AS10 672 Antibody: AGO6 | argonaute 6, Immunogen: KLH-conjugated peptide derived from Arabidopsis thaliana AGO6 At2g32940, Host: rabbit, polyclonal, Confirmed reactivity: Arabidopsis thaliana 100
AS09 459 Antibody: ClpB-P | ClpB3, Immunogen: KLH-conjugated peptide derived from ClpB-P of Arabidopsis thaliana Q9LF37, Host: rabbit, polyclonal, Confirmed reactivity: Arabidopsis thaliana 200
AS12 2104 Antibody: LSD1 | LESION SIMULATING DISEASE 1, Immunogen: KLH-conjugated synthetic peptide derived from Arabidopsis thaliana LSD1 sequence, Host: rabbit, polyclonal, Confirmed reactivity: Arabidopsis t 200
AS06 116 Antibody: PGL35 | plastoglobulin 35, Immunogen: recombinant Arabidopsis thaliana PGL35 protein O81439 , Host: rabbit, polyclonal, Confirmed reactivity: Arabidopsis thaliana, Gossypium hirsutum cv. Del 200


 

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