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Pubmed ID :12693981
Publication Date : //

Molecular cloning and heterologous expression in E. coli of cytochrome P45017alpha. Comparison of structural and functional properties of substrate-specific cytochromes P450 from different species.


To elucidate the nature of substrate specificity and intrinsic mechanism of hydroxylation of steroids, in the present work we carried out molecular cloning and heterologous expression of cDNA for three new forms of cytochrome P45017alpha from species of the Bovidae family (sheep, goat, and bison), which catalyze 17alpha-hydroxylation of both progesterone (P4) or pregnenolone (P5) and 17,20-lyase reaction resulting in cleavage of side chain with formation of C(19)-steroids. Recombinant cytochromes P45017alpha were expressed in E. coli as derivatives, containing a six-His tag at the C-terminal sequence that simplifies purification of the cloned heme proteins using metal-affinity chromatography. Highly purified cytochromes P45017alpha were used for determination of enzyme activity and specificity in relation to progesterone, pregnenolone, 17alpha-hydroxyprogesterone, and 17alpha-hydroxypregnenolone with registration of the kinetics of reaction product formation using HPLC. It is shown that each form of cytochrome P45017alpha is characterized by a specific profile of enzyme activity and dependence of 17,20-lyase reaction on the presence of cytochrome b(5) in the reaction mixture. The analysis of the activity of the known forms of cytochrome P45017alpha in view of the data obtained in the present work allows the division of known cytochromes P45017alpha into three main group: group A (pig, hamster, rat), cytochromes P45017alpha catalyze the reaction of 17alpha-hydroxylation of both P4 and P5 steroids and the 17,20-lyase reaction of 17alpha-hydroxyprogesterone and 17alpha-hydroxypregnenolone; group B (human, bovine, sheep, goat, and bison), cytochromes P45017alpha, which have no or have insignificant 17,20-lyase activity in relation to 17alpha-hydroxyprogesterone; group C (guinea pig), cytochrome P45017alpha which either has no or has insignificant 17,20-lyase activity on transformation 17alpha-hydroxypregnenolone to dehydroepiandrosterone.

Authors : Gilep A A , Estabrook R W , Usanov S A ,

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