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Pubmed ID :12712197
Publication Date : //

The genome sequence of the filamentous fungus Neurospora crassa.


Neurospora crassa is a central organism in the history of twentieth-century genetics, biochemistry and molecular biology. Here, we report a high-quality draft sequence of the N. crassa genome. The approximately 40-megabase genome encodes about 10,000 protein-coding genes--more than twice as many as in the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe and only about 25% fewer than in the fruitfly Drosophila melanogaster. Analysis of the gene set yields insights into unexpected aspects of Neurospora biology including the identification of genes potentially associated with red light photobiology, genes implicated in secondary metabolism, and important differences in Ca2+ signalling as compared with plants and animals. Neurospora possesses the widest array of genome defence mechanisms known for any eukaryotic organism, including a process unique to fungi called repeat-induced point mutation (RIP). Genome analysis suggests that RIP has had a profound impact on genome evolution, greatly slowing the creation of new genes through genomic duplication and resulting in a genome with an unusually low proportion of closely related genes.

Authors : Galagan James E , Calvo Sarah E , Borkovich Katherine A , Selker Eric U , Read Nick D , Jaffe David , FitzHugh William , Ma Li-Jun , Smirnov Serge , Purcell Seth , Rehman Bushra , Elkins Timothy , Engels Reinhard , Wang Shunguang , Nielsen Cydney B , Butler Jonathan , Endrizzi Matthew , Qui Dayong , Ianakiev Peter , Bell-Pedersen Deborah , Nelson Mary Anne , Werner-Washburne Margaret , Selitrennikoff Claude P , Kinsey John A , Braun Edward L , Zelter Alex , Schulte Ulrich , Kothe Gregory O , Jedd Gregory , Mewes Werner , Staben Chuck , Marcotte Edward , Greenberg David , Roy Alice , Foley Karen , Naylor Jerome , Stange-Thomann Nicole , Barrett Robert , Gnerre Sante , Kamal Michael , Kamvysselis Manolis , Mauceli Evan , Bielke Cord , Rudd Stephen , Frishman Dmitrij , Krystofova Svetlana , Rasmussen Carolyn , Metzenberg Robert L , Perkins David D , Kroken Scott , Cogoni Carlo , Macino Giuseppe , Catcheside David , Li Weixi , Pratt Robert J , Osmani Stephen A , DeSouza Colin P C , Glass Louise , Orbach Marc J , Berglund J Andrew , Voelker Rodger , Yarden Oded , Plamann Michael , Seiler Stephan , Dunlap Jay , Radford Alan , Aramayo Rodolfo , Natvig Donald O , Alex Lisa A , Mannhaupt Gertrud , Ebbole Daniel J , Freitag Michael , Paulsen Ian , Sachs Matthew S , Lander Eric S , Nusbaum Chad , Birren Bruce ,

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