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Pubmed ID :15182182
Publication Date : //

Gln212, Asn270, and Arg301 are critical for catalysis by adenylosuccinate lyase from Bacillus subtilis.


In adenylosuccinate lyase from Bacillus subtilis, Gln(212), Asn(270), and Arg(301) are conserved and located close to the succinyl moiety of docked adenylosuccinate. We constructed mutant enzymes with Gln(212) replaced by Glu and Met, Asn(270) by Asp and Leu, and Arg(301) by Gln or Lys. The wild-type and mutant enzymes were expressed in Escherichia coli and purified to homogeneity. The specific activities of the Q212M and the 270 and 301 mutant enzymes were decreased more than 3000-fold as compared to the wild type. Only Q212E retained sufficient activity for determination of its kinetic parameters: V(max) was decreased approximately 1000-fold, and K(m) was increased 6-fold, as compared to the wild-type enzyme. Adenylosuccinate binding studies of the other mutants revealed greatly weakened affinities that contributed to, but did not account entirely for, the loss of activity. These mutant enzymes did not differ greatly from the wild-type enzyme in secondary structure or subunit association state, as shown by circular dichroism spectroscopy and light-scattering photometry. Incubation of pairs of inactive mutant enzymes led to reconstitution of some functional sites by subunit complementation, with recovery of up to 25% of the specific activity of the wild-type enzyme. Subunit complementation occurs only if the two mutations are contributed to the active site by different subunits. Thus, mixing Q212E with N270L enzyme yielded a specific activity of approximately 20% of the wild-type enzyme, while mixing Q212M with R301K enzyme did not restore activity. As supported by computer modeling, the studies presented here indicate that Gln(212), Asn(270), and Arg(301) are indispensable to catalysis by adenylosuccinate lyase and probably interact noncovalently with the carboxylate anions of the substrates 5-aminoimidazole-4(N-succinylocarboxamide)ribonucleotide and adenylosuccinate, optimizing their bound orientations.

Authors : Segall Mark L , Colman Roberta F ,

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