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Transforming growth factor beta

 A0A3Q1M2Z5_BOVIN        Unreviewed;       442 AA.
A0A3Q1M2Z5;
10-APR-2019, integrated into UniProtKB/TrEMBL.
10-APR-2019, sequence version 1.
02-JUN-2021, entry version 15.
RecName: Full=Transforming growth factor beta {ECO:0000256|PIRNR:PIRNR001787};
Name=TGFB2 {ECO:0000313|Ensembl:ENSBTAP00000064427,
ECO:0000313|VGNC:VGNC:35802};
Bos taurus (Bovine).
Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia;
Eutheria; Laurasiatheria; Artiodactyla; Ruminantia; Pecora; Bovidae;
Bovinae; Bos.
NCBI_TaxID=9913 {ECO:0000313|Ensembl:ENSBTAP00000064427, ECO:0000313|Proteomes:UP000009136};
[1] {ECO:0000313|Ensembl:ENSBTAP00000064427, ECO:0000313|Proteomes:UP000009136}
NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE GENOMIC DNA].
STRAIN=Hereford {ECO:0000313|Ensembl:ENSBTAP00000064427,
ECO:0000313|Proteomes:UP000009136};
Rosen B.D., Bickhart D.M., Koren S., Schnabel R.D., Hall R., Zimin A.,
Dreischer C., Schultheiss S., Schroeder S.G., Elsik C.G., Couldrey C.,
Liu G.E., Van Tassell C.P., Phillippy A.M., Smith T.P.L., Medrano J.F.;
"ARS-UCD1.2.";
Submitted (MAR-2018) to the EMBL/GenBank/DDBJ databases.
[2] {ECO:0000313|Ensembl:ENSBTAP00000064427}
IDENTIFICATION.
STRAIN=Hereford {ECO:0000313|Ensembl:ENSBTAP00000064427};
Ensembl;
Submitted (JAN-2019) to UniProtKB.
-!- FUNCTION: Transforming growth factor beta-2 proprotein: Precursor of
the Latency-associated peptide (LAP) and Transforming growth factor
beta-2 (TGF-beta-2) chains, which constitute the regulatory and active
subunit of TGF-beta-2, respectively. {ECO:0000256|ARBA:ARBA00002073}.
-!- SUBUNIT: Homodimer; disulfide-linked. {ECO:0000256|PIRNR:PIRNR001787}.
-!- SUBCELLULAR LOCATION: Secreted {ECO:0000256|ARBA:ARBA00004613,
ECO:0000256|PIRNR:PIRNR001787}. Secreted, extracellular space,
extracellular matrix {ECO:0000256|ARBA:ARBA00004498}.
-!- SIMILARITY: Belongs to the TGF-beta family.
{ECO:0000256|ARBA:ARBA00006656, ECO:0000256|PIRNR:PIRNR001787,
ECO:0000256|RuleBase:RU000354}.
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RefSeq; XP_005216841.1; XM_005216784.3.
Ensembl; ENSBTAT00000075358; ENSBTAP00000064427; ENSBTAG00000005359.
GeneID; 534069; -.
CTD; 7042; -.
VGNC; VGNC:35802; TGFB2.
GeneTree; ENSGT00940000157390; -.
OMA; QPFYPEN; -.
Proteomes; UP000009136; Chromosome 16.
ExpressionAtlas; A0A3Q1M2Z5; baseline and differential.
GO; GO:0062023; C:collagen-containing extracellular matrix; IEA:Ensembl.
GO; GO:0005615; C:extracellular space; IEA:UniProtKB-UniRule.
GO; GO:0001540; F:amyloid-beta binding; IEA:Ensembl.
GO; GO:0008083; F:growth factor activity; IEA:UniProtKB-UniRule.
GO; GO:0042803; F:protein homodimerization activity; IEA:Ensembl.
GO; GO:0005114; F:type II transforming growth factor beta receptor binding; IEA:Ensembl.
GO; GO:0034714; F:type III transforming growth factor beta receptor binding; IEA:Ensembl.
GO; GO:0032147; P:activation of protein kinase activity; IEA:Ensembl.
GO; GO:0060317; P:cardiac epithelial to mesenchymal transition; IEA:Ensembl.
GO; GO:0060038; P:cardiac muscle cell proliferation; IEA:Ensembl.
GO; GO:0010002; P:cardioblast differentiation; IEA:Ensembl.
GO; GO:0007050; P:cell cycle arrest; IEA:Ensembl.
GO; GO:0000902; P:cell morphogenesis; IEA:Ensembl.
GO; GO:0045216; P:cell-cell junction organization; IEA:Ensembl.
GO; GO:0030199; P:collagen fibril organization; IEA:Ensembl.
GO; GO:0048566; P:embryonic digestive tract development; IEA:Ensembl.
GO; GO:0097191; P:extrinsic apoptotic signaling pathway; IEA:Ensembl.
GO; GO:0001654; P:eye development; IEA:Ensembl.
GO; GO:0008347; P:glial cell migration; IEA:Ensembl.
GO; GO:0001942; P:hair follicle development; IEA:Ensembl.
GO; GO:0010693; P:negative regulation of alkaline phosphatase activity; IEA:Ensembl.
GO; GO:0016525; P:negative regulation of angiogenesis; IEA:Ensembl.
GO; GO:0030308; P:negative regulation of cell growth; IEA:Ensembl.
GO; GO:0050680; P:negative regulation of epithelial cell proliferation; IEA:Ensembl.
GO; GO:0010936; P:negative regulation of macrophage cytokine production; IEA:Ensembl.
GO; GO:0060389; P:pathway-restricted SMAD protein phosphorylation; IEA:Ensembl.
GO; GO:0051891; P:positive regulation of cardioblast differentiation; IEA:Ensembl.
GO; GO:0033630; P:positive regulation of cell adhesion mediated by integrin; IEA:Ensembl.
GO; GO:0051781; P:positive regulation of cell division; IEA:UniProtKB-UniRule.
GO; GO:0030307; P:positive regulation of cell growth; IEA:Ensembl.
GO; GO:0008284; P:positive regulation of cell population proliferation; IEA:Ensembl.
GO; GO:0010634; P:positive regulation of epithelial cell migration; IEA:Ensembl.
GO; GO:0010718; P:positive regulation of epithelial to mesenchymal transition; IEA:Ensembl.
GO; GO:0045823; P:positive regulation of heart contraction; IEA:Ensembl.
GO; GO:0045726; P:positive regulation of integrin biosynthetic process; IEA:Ensembl.
GO; GO:0043525; P:positive regulation of neuron apoptotic process; IEA:Ensembl.
GO; GO:0045747; P:positive regulation of Notch signaling pathway; IEA:Ensembl.
GO; GO:0045778; P:positive regulation of ossification; IEA:Ensembl.
GO; GO:0014068; P:positive regulation of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase signaling; IEA:Ensembl.
GO; GO:1902895; P:positive regulation of pri-miRNA transcription by RNA polymerase II; IEA:Ensembl.
GO; GO:0050714; P:positive regulation of protein secretion; IEA:Ensembl.
GO; GO:0032874; P:positive regulation of stress-activated MAPK cascade; IEA:Ensembl.
GO; GO:0051795; P:positive regulation of timing of catagen; IEA:Ensembl.
GO; GO:0032909; P:regulation of transforming growth factor beta2 production; IEA:Ensembl.
GO; GO:0042493; P:response to drug; IEA:Ensembl.
GO; GO:0001666; P:response to hypoxia; IEA:Ensembl.
GO; GO:0032570; P:response to progesterone; IEA:Ensembl.
GO; GO:0009611; P:response to wounding; IEA:Ensembl.
GO; GO:0007435; P:salivary gland morphogenesis; IEA:Ensembl.
GO; GO:0060395; P:SMAD protein signal transduction; IEA:Ensembl.
GO; GO:0007179; P:transforming growth factor beta receptor signaling pathway; IEA:Ensembl.
Gene3D; 2.10.90.10; -; 1.
InterPro; IPR029034; Cystine-knot_cytokine.
InterPro; IPR001839; TGF-b_C.
InterPro; IPR001111; TGF-b_propeptide.
InterPro; IPR016319; TGF-beta.
InterPro; IPR015615; TGF-beta-rel.
InterPro; IPR003940; TGFb2.
InterPro; IPR017948; TGFb_CS.
PANTHER; PTHR11848; PTHR11848; 1.
Pfam; PF00019; TGF_beta; 1.
Pfam; PF00688; TGFb_propeptide; 1.
PIRSF; PIRSF001787; TGF-beta; 1.
PRINTS; PR01423; TGFBETA.
PRINTS; PR01425; TGFBETA2.
SMART; SM00204; TGFB; 1.
SUPFAM; SSF57501; SSF57501; 1.
PROSITE; PS00250; TGF_BETA_1; 1.
PROSITE; PS51362; TGF_BETA_2; 1.
3: Inferred from homology;
Disulfide bond {ECO:0000256|ARBA:ARBA00023157,
ECO:0000256|PIRSR:PIRSR001787-1};
Extracellular matrix {ECO:0000256|ARBA:ARBA00022530};
Growth factor {ECO:0000256|ARBA:ARBA00023030,
ECO:0000256|PIRNR:PIRNR001787};
Mitogen {ECO:0000256|ARBA:ARBA00023246, ECO:0000256|PIRNR:PIRNR001787};
Reference proteome {ECO:0000313|Proteomes:UP000009136};
Secreted {ECO:0000256|ARBA:ARBA00022530};
Signal {ECO:0000256|PIRNR:PIRNR001787}.
SIGNAL 1..20
/evidence="ECO:0000256|PIRNR:PIRNR001787"
CHAIN 21..442
/note="Transforming growth factor beta"
/evidence="ECO:0000256|PIRNR:PIRNR001787"
/id="PRO_5018383977"
DOMAIN 327..442
/note="TGF_BETA_2"
/evidence="ECO:0000259|PROSITE:PS51362"
DISULFID 337..346
/evidence="ECO:0000256|PIRSR:PIRSR001787-1"
DISULFID 345..408
/evidence="ECO:0000256|PIRSR:PIRSR001787-1"
DISULFID 374..439
/evidence="ECO:0000256|PIRSR:PIRSR001787-1"
DISULFID 378..441
/evidence="ECO:0000256|PIRSR:PIRSR001787-1"
DISULFID 407
/note="Interchain"
/evidence="ECO:0000256|PIRSR:PIRSR001787-1"
SEQUENCE 442 AA; 50551 MW; 7BBEAEEF42C22333 CRC64;
MHYCVLSAFL LLHLVTVALS LSTCSTLDMD QFMRKRIEAI RGQILSKLKL TSPPEDYPEP
EEVPPEVISI YNSTRDLLQE KASRRAAACE RERSDEEYYA KEVYKIDMPS FLPSETVCPV
VTTPSGSVGS LCSRQSQVFC GYLDAIPPTF YRPYFRIVRF DVSSMEKNAS NLVKAEFRVF
RLQNPKARVP EQRIELYQIL KSKDLTSPTQ RYIDSKVVKT RAEGEWLSFD VTDAVHEWLH
HKDRNLGFKI SLHCPCCTFV PSNNYIIPNK SEELEARFAG IDGTSTYTSG DQKTIKSTRK
KNSGKSPHLL LMLLPSYRLE SQQSNRRKKR ALDAAYCFRN VQDNCCLRPL YIDFKRDLGW
KWIHEPKGYN ANFCAGACPY LWSSDTQHSR VLSLYNTINP EASASPCCVS QDLEPLTILY
YIGKTPKIEQ LSNMIVKSCK CS


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Related Genes :
[Ltbp1] Latent-transforming growth factor beta-binding protein 1 (LTBP-1) (Transforming growth factor beta-1-binding protein 1) (TGF-beta-1-BP-1) (Transforming growth factor beta-1-masking protein large subunit)
[TGFB2] Transforming growth factor beta-2 proprotein (Milk growth factor) (MGF) [Cleaved into: Latency-associated peptide (LAP); Transforming growth factor beta-2 (TGF-beta-2)]
[TGFB2] Transforming growth factor beta-2 proprotein (BSC-1 cell growth inhibitor) (Polyergin) [Cleaved into: Latency-associated peptide (LAP); Transforming growth factor beta-2 (TGF-beta-2)]
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[TGFB1 TGFB] Transforming growth factor beta-1 proprotein [Cleaved into: Latency-associated peptide (LAP); Transforming growth factor beta-1 (TGF-beta-1)]
[TGFBR3] Transforming growth factor beta receptor type 3 (TGF-beta receptor type 3) (TGFR-3) (Betaglycan) (Transforming growth factor beta receptor III) (TGF-beta receptor type III)
[Tgfb1] Transforming growth factor beta-1 proprotein [Cleaved into: Latency-associated peptide (LAP); Transforming growth factor beta-1 (TGF-beta-1)]
[TGFB1] Transforming growth factor beta-1 proprotein [Cleaved into: Latency-associated peptide (LAP); Transforming growth factor beta-1 (TGF-beta-1)]
[TGFB3] Transforming growth factor beta-3 proprotein [Cleaved into: Latency-associated peptide (LAP); Transforming growth factor beta-3 (TGF-beta-3)]
[Tgfb3] Transforming growth factor beta-3 proprotein [Cleaved into: Latency-associated peptide (LAP); Transforming growth factor beta-3 (TGF-beta-3)]
[Tgfb1] Transforming growth factor beta-1 proprotein [Cleaved into: Latency-associated peptide (LAP); Transforming growth factor beta-1 (TGF-beta-1)]
[TGFB1] Transforming growth factor beta-1 proprotein [Cleaved into: Latency-associated peptide (LAP); Transforming growth factor beta-1 (TGF-beta-1)]
[TGFB1] Transforming growth factor beta-1 proprotein [Cleaved into: Latency-associated peptide (LAP); Transforming growth factor beta-1 (TGF-beta-1)]
[TGFB3] Transforming growth factor beta-3 proprotein [Cleaved into: Latency-associated peptide (LAP); Transforming growth factor beta-3 (TGF-beta-3)]
[Tgfb3 Tgf-b3] Transforming growth factor beta-3 proprotein [Cleaved into: Latency-associated peptide (LAP); Transforming growth factor beta-3 (TGF-beta-3)]
[TGFB1] Transforming growth factor beta-1 proprotein [Cleaved into: Latency-associated peptide (LAP); Transforming growth factor beta-1 (TGF-beta-1)]
[TGFB1] Transforming growth factor beta-1 proprotein [Cleaved into: Latency-associated peptide (LAP); Transforming growth factor beta-1 (TGF-beta-1)]
[TGFB2] Transforming growth factor beta-2 proprotein [Cleaved into: Latency-associated peptide (LAP); Transforming growth factor beta-2 (TGF-beta-2)]
[Tgfb2] Transforming growth factor beta-2 proprotein [Cleaved into: Latency-associated peptide (LAP); Transforming growth factor beta-2 (TGF-beta-2)]
[Tgfbr3] Transforming growth factor beta receptor type 3 (TGF-beta receptor type 3) (TGFR-3) (Betaglycan) (Transforming growth factor beta receptor III) (TGF-beta receptor type III)
[Tgfbr3] Transforming growth factor beta receptor type 3 (TGF-beta receptor type 3) (TGFR-3) (Betaglycan) (Transforming growth factor beta receptor III) (TGF-beta receptor type III)
[TGFB1] Transforming growth factor beta-1 proprotein [Cleaved into: Latency-associated peptide (LAP); Transforming growth factor beta-1 (TGF-beta-1)]
[TGFB1] Transforming growth factor beta-1 proprotein [Cleaved into: Latency-associated peptide (LAP); Transforming growth factor beta-1 (TGF-beta-1)]
[TGFB1] Transforming growth factor beta-1 proprotein [Cleaved into: Latency-associated peptide (LAP); Transforming growth factor beta-1 (TGF-beta-1)]
[Tgfb2] Transforming growth factor beta-2 proprotein [Cleaved into: Latency-associated peptide (LAP); Transforming growth factor beta-2 (TGF-beta-2)]
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[TGFB2] Transforming growth factor beta-2 proprotein [Cleaved into: Latency-associated peptide (LAP); Transforming growth factor beta-2 (TGF-beta-2)]
[TGFB3] Transforming growth factor beta-3 proprotein [Cleaved into: Latency-associated peptide (LAP); Transforming growth factor beta-3 (TGF-beta-3)]
[LTBP1] Latent-transforming growth factor beta-binding protein 1 (LTBP-1) (Transforming growth factor beta-1-binding protein 1) (TGF-beta1-BP-1)
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[34332182] Respiratory syncytial virus nonstructural protein 1 breaks immune tolerance in mice by downregulating Tregs through TSLP-OX40/OX40L-mTOR axis.
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