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Pubmed ID: 10480910
Publication Date: //

Natural splicing of exon 2 of human interleukin-15 receptor alpha-chain mRNA results in a shortened form with a distinct pattern of expression.


We report the existence of eight different interleukin-15 receptor alpha-chain (IL-15Ralpha) transcripts resulting from exon-splicing mechanisms within the IL-15Ralpha gene. Two main classes of transcripts can be distinguished that do or do not (Delta2 isoforms) contain the exon 2-coding sequence. Both classes were expressed in numerous cell lines and tissues (including peripheral blood lymphocytes) at comparable levels and could be transcribed in COS-7 cells, and the proteins were expressed at the cell surface. Both receptor forms displayed numerous glycosylation states, reflecting differential usage of a single N-glycosylation site as well as extensive O-glycosylations. Whereas IL-15Ralpha bound IL-15 with high affinity, Delta2IL-15Ralpha was unable to bind IL-15, thus revealing the indispensable role of the exon 2-encoded domain in cytokine binding. A large proportion of IL-15Ralpha was expressed at the nuclear membrane with some intranuclear localization, supporting a potential direct action of the IL-15.IL-15Ralpha complex at the nuclear level. In sharp contrast, Delta2IL-15Ralpha was found only in the non-nuclear membrane compartments, indicating that the exon 2-encoded domain (which is shown to contain a potential nuclear localization signal) plays an important role in receptor post-translational routing. Together, our data indicate that exon 2 splicing of human IL-15Ralpha is a natural process that might play regulatory roles at different levels.
Authors: Dubois S , Magrangeas F , Lehours P , Raher S , Bernard J , Boisteau O , Leroy S , Minvielle S , Godard A , Jacques Y ,

Reference:

  1. ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. [Last access //].

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