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Pubmed ID :11870628
Publication Date : //

Activation of pertussis toxin-sensitive CXCL12 (SDF-1) receptors mediates transendothelial migration of T lymphocytes across lymph node high endothelial cells.


In this study we examined the role of chemokines in regulating T lymphocyte transmigration across the lining high endothelial cells (HEC) of high endothelial venules (HEV). The roles played by CCL21 (SLC), CCL19 (MIP-3 beta, ELC) and CXCL12 (SDF-1) were assessed using an in vitro transendothelial migration culture system, which constitutively supports high levels of lymphocyte transmigration. We determined that transmigration of T lymphocytes across HEC is inhibitable by treatment of the T lymphocytes with pertussis toxin (PTX) (80% inhibition). This was attributed to blockade of Gi-protein coupled receptors of T lymphocytes, since a non-ADP-ribosylating form of PTX had no significant effect on transendothelial migration. Inhibition of Gi-protein-coupled receptors on the endothelium had no effect on T cell transmigration. Treatment of T lymphocytes with a desensitizing concentration of CXCL12 caused a 60% reduction in T lymphocyte migration across HEC, and the CXCR4 antagonist SDF-1P2G reduced transmigration by 40%. Desensitizing concentrations of CCL21 and CCL19 had no significant effects on T lymphocyte transendothelial migration. Homologous desensitization of T lymphocytes to each chemokine was confirmed in a transwell migration assay. An approximately 3-kb mRNA corresponding to rat SDF-1 beta was constitutively expressed in HEC and cell surface CXCL12 was detectable by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Together, these findings support a pivotal role for HEC-expressed CXCL12 and its receptor on T cells in the regulation of T lymphocyte homing to lymph nodes.

Authors : Phillips Rhian , Ager Ann ,

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