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Pubmed ID :26914235
Publication Date : //

G72 primate-specific gene: a still enigmatic element in psychiatric disorders.


Numerous studies have demonstrated a link between genetic markers on chromosome 13 and schizophrenia, bipolar affective disorder, and other psychiatric phenotypes. The G72/G30 genes (transcribed in opposite directions) are located on chromosome 13q33, a region demonstrating strong evidence for linkage with various neuropsychiatric disorders. G72/G30 was identified in 2002 as a schizophrenia susceptibility locus; however, subsequent association studies did not reach consensus on single SNPs within the locus. Simultaneously, a new vision for the genetic architecture of psychiatric disorders suggested that schizophrenia was a quantitative trait, therefore ascribable to potentially hundreds of genes and subjected to the vagaries of the environment. The main protein product of G72 gene is named pLG72 or D-amino acid oxidase activator DAOA (153 amino acids) and its function is still debated. Functional analyses, also showing controversial results, indicate that pLG72 contributes to N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor modulation by affecting activity of the flavoprotein D-amino acid oxidase, the enzyme responsible for degrading the neuromodulator D-serine. In this review we, for the first time, summarize findings from molecular genetic linkage and association studies concerning G72 gene, cellular and molecular studies on pLG72, and investigations performed on G72/G30 transgenic mice. This will help elucidate the role of psychosis susceptibility genes, which will have a major impact on our understanding of disease pathophysiology and thus change classification and treatment.

Authors : Sacchi Silvia , Binelli Giorgio , Pollegioni Loredano ,

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