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In previous studies of purine ribonucleotide metabolism in the human myeloid leukemia cell line HL-60, we observed that there is a down-regulation of guanine ribonucleotide biosynthesis from the central intermediate, inosine monophosphate (IMP) and a depletion of intracellular guanosine triphosphate (GTP) and guanosine diphosphate (GDP) pools that occur during the induced maturation of these cells. We also found that inhibitors of IMP dehydrogenase, the enzyme that catalyzes the first step of guanylate synthesis from IMP, are potent inducers of HL-60 maturation. Because of these observations we specifically investigated the activity of IMP dehydrogenase in HL-60 cells and in a new inducible human myeloid leukemia cell line, RDFD2-25, both during maintenance culture and during induced maturation of the cells. Enzyme activity was examined directly in cell extracts with a radiometric assay that measures free 3H2O formed from [2-3H] IMP during the conversion of IMP to XMP. Uninduced HL-60 and RDFD2 cells in maintenance culture were found to have high levels of IMPD activity (5.2 to 5.7 pmol IMP metabolized/10(7) cells/min) compared with normal neutrophils and monocytes that had been purified from blood (less than 1.5 pmol IMP metabolized/10(7) cells/min). However, when HL-60 and RDFD2-25 cells were induced to mature with retinoic acid (10(-6) mol/L), dimethylformamide (6 X 10(-2) mol/L), or a known IMPD inhibitor, tiazofurin (10(-6) mol/L), IMPD activity in the cells fell by 51% to 80% within three to six hours. These changes in IMPD activity preceded detectable functional and antigenic maturation of the cells by at least 12 hours and were not temporally related to changes in cellular proliferation. These findings are consistent with the concept that the regulation of myeloid cell maturation may be influenced by intracellular concentrations of guanine ribonucleotides because IMP dehydrogenase activity is known to be rate limiting for the production of these nucleotides.
Authors : Knight R D , Mangum J , Lucas D L , Cooney D A , Khan E C , Wright D G ,
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