Pubmed ID: 31502378
Publication Date: 2019/11/11
Immunomodulatory effect of human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stromal/stem cells on peripheral blood T cells from rheumatoid arthritis patients.
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a Th1/Th17-mediated autoimmune disease whose current treatment, consisting in the blockage of inflammatory cytokines by disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs, is not effective for all patients. The therapeutic potential of mesenchymal stromal/stem cells' (MSCs) immunomodulatory properties is being explored in RA. Here, we investigate the effect of human bone marrow (BM)-MSCs on the expression of cytokines involved in RA physiopathology by the distinct functional compartments of CD4 and CD8 T cells from RA patients. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells from healthy individuals (n = 6) and RA patients (n = 12) were stimulated with phorbol myristate acetate plus ionomycin and cultured in the presence/absence of BM-MSCs. The expression of (interleukin) IL-2, tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), and interferon-gamma (IFN-γ) was evaluated in naive, central memory, effector memory, and effector CD4 and CD8 T cells, whereas IL-6, IL-9, and IL-17 expression was measured in total CD4 and CD8 T cells. mRNA expression of IL-4, IL-10, transforming growth factor beta (TGF-β), cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated antigen 4, and/or forkhead box P3 was quantified in fluorescence-activated cell sorting-purified CD4 T cells, CD8 T cells, and CD4 Treg. BM-MSCs inhibited the production of TNF-α, IL-17, IL-6, IL-2, IFN-γ, and IL-9 by T cells from RA patients, mainly by reducing the percentage of cells producing cytokines. This inhibitory effect was transversal to all T cell subsets analyzed. At mRNA level, BM-MSCs increased expression of IL-10 and TGF-β by CD4 and CD8 T cells. BM-MSCs displayed a striking inhibitory action over T cells from RA patients, reducing the expression of cytokines involved in RA physiopathology. Remarkably, BM-MSC-derived immunomodulation affected either naive, effector, and memory T cells.
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