Pubmed ID: 34006214
Publication Date: 2021/05/18
Genome-wide identification and expression analysis of the AT-hook Motif Nuclear Localized gene family in soybean.
Soybean is an important legume crop and has significant agricultural and economic value. Previous research has shown that the AT-Hook Motif Nuclear Localized (AHL) gene family is highly conserved in land plants, playing crucial roles in plant growth and development. To date, however, the AHL gene family has not been studied in soybean.
To investigate the roles played by the AHL gene family in soybean, genome-wide identification, expression patterns and gene structures were performed to analyze. We identified a total of 63 AT-hook motif genes, which were characterized by the presence of the AT-hook motif and PPC domain in soybean. The AT-hook motif genes were distributed on 18 chromosomes and formed two distinct clades (A and B), as shown by phylogenetic analysis. All the AHL proteins were further classified into three types (I, II and III) based on the AT-hook motif. Type-I was belonged to Clade-A, while Type-II and Type-III were belonged to Clade-B. Our results also showed that the main type of duplication in the soybean AHL gene family was segmented duplication event. To discern whether the AHL gene family was involved in stress response in soybean, we performed cis-acting elements analysis and found that AHL genes were associated with light responsiveness, anaerobic induction, MYB and gibberellin-responsiveness elements. This suggest that AHL genes may participate in plant development and mediate stress response. Moreover, a co-expression network analysis showed that the AHL genes were also involved in energy transduction, and the associated with the gibberellin pathway and nuclear entry signal pathways in soybean. Transcription analysis revealed that AHL genes in Jack and Williams82 have a common expression pattern and are mostly expressed in roots, showing greater sensitivity under drought and submergence stress. Hence, the AHL gene family mainly reacts on mediating stress responses in the roots and provide comprehensive information for further understanding of the AT-hook motif gene family-mediated stress response in soybean.
Sixty-three AT-hook motif genes were identified in the soybean genome. These genes formed into two distinct phylogenetic clades and belonged to three different types. Cis-acting elements and co-expression network analyses suggested that AHL genes participated in significant biological processes. This work provides important theoretical basis for the understanding of AHLs biological functions in soybean.
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