Pubmed ID: 34203871
Publication Date: 2021/06/15
Searching for Noninvasive Predictors of the Diagnosis and Monitoring of Eosinophilic Esophagitis-The Importance of Biomarkers of the Inflammatory Reaction Involving Eosinophils.
Invasive and costly endoscopic diagnosis is obligatory for the diagnosis and monitoring of eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE). This study aims to evaluate the usefulness of serum biomarkers involved in eosinophil-mediated inflammation in the management of EoE.
A prospective cohort study was conducted in 58 patients with dysphagia. Each participant completed a health questionnaire, underwent esophagogastroduodenoscopy with esophageal biopsy for histopathological examination and assessment of total, inflammatory and fibrostenotic Eosinophilic Esophagitis Reference Score (EREFS). Serum levels of interleukin 5 (IL-5), interleukin 13 (IL-13), transforming growth factor Î²1 (TGF-Î²1), major basic protein (MBP), and eotaxin 3 were determined by enzyme immunoassays. Total of 16 patients meeting the histological criteria for EoE were treated with proton pump inhibitors for 8 weeks, and then the same diagnostics was performed again.
Statistically significantly higher concentrations of MBP and TGF-Î²1 were demonstrated in the group of patients with EoE, while MBP and eotaxin 3 correlated with the peak eosinophil count (PEC). Baseline MBP levels and eotaxin 3 after treatment significantly positively correlated with EREFS. There was a negative correlation between IL-13 and fibrostenotic EREFS. Additionally, after treatment, a negative correlation TGF-Î²1 was noted with the inflammatory EREFS and a positive correlation with the fibrostenotic EREFS.
The potential role of MBP in predicting the diagnosis of EoE, eotaxin 3 in predicting the advancement and correlation of IL-13 and TGF-Î²1 in differentiating the inflammatory and fibrotic course of the disease may facilitate the management and individualization of EoE therapy.
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