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Pubmed ID: 36656054
Publication Date: 2023/01/19

The predictive role of NF-κB-mediated pro-inflammatory cytokine expression levels in hepatitis B vaccine response.

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a global health problem leading to cirrhosis, hepatocellular carcinoma, and liver failure. The Hepatitis B vaccine plays a significant role in reducing the incidence of HBV worldwide. Approximately 5-10% of vaccinated people do not produce protective antibody levels. Nuclear factor kappa B (NF‑κB) mediates inflammatory responses through pro-inflammatory cytokines. However, the role of the NF‑κB signaling pathway and its association with pro-inflammatory cytokines in hepatitis B vaccine response is unclear. We aimed to assess changes in the , and expression levels in the non-responder and responder. A total of 32 non-responders and 36 responders were included in the study. The expression level of determined genes was analyzed by RT-PCR. Our results showed that , and mRNA levels significantly increased in the non-responders compared to the responders (p < .01). Furthermore, there was a significant correlation between , and in the non-responder and responders. In conclusion, inflammatory signaling pathways may play an important role in response to HBV vaccine. Therefore, NF‑κB signaling and associated pro-inflammatory cytokine mRNA levels could predict hepatitis B vaccine response. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms of hepatitis B vaccine immunity need further investigation.
Authors: Karabay Oguz , Guney Eskiler Gamze , Alkurt Umut , Hamarat Kaan Furkan , Deveci Ozkan Asuman , Aydin Ayhan ,


  1. [Last access 2023/01/19].

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